Youth and Education News
November 3, 2004, Issue 141 Volume 3
"Only when the last tree has died and the last river has been poisoned and the last fish has been caught will we realize that we can't eat money." - Cree proverb
In 1716 the South Carolina Board of Trade issued the following trade schedule. The number of deerskins requiredfor each item follows item name.
|A Gun. 30||A Yard Strouds. 7||A Duffield Blanket. 14||A Yard Half Thicks. 3||A Hatchet. 2
|narrow Hoe. 2||A broad Hoe. 4|
|Fifty Bullets. 1||A Butcher’s Knife. 1||A pair Cizars. 1||Three Strings Beads. 1||Eighteen Flints. 1||An Ax. 4||A Pistol. 20|
|A Cutlash. 8||A Shirt. 4||A Steel. 1||A Calico Petticoat. 12||A red Girdle. 2||A laced Hatt. 8||A Clasp Knife. 1|
A Yard Cadis. 1
Rum, mixed with 1/3 Water; per bottle. 1
DaimlerChrysler Announces Its Participation In A New Canadian Aboriginal And Minority Supplier Council
DaimlerChrysler is participating in a new non-profit organization, the Canadian Aboriginal Minority Supplier Council (CAMSC). CAMSC encourages large corporations to purchase items from Aboriginal and minority enterprises. "DaimlerChrysler has actively supported minority businesses for more than 20 years, and we will continue to create innovative programs that help to diversify our supplier community," said Jethro Joseph from Chrysler. "The Canadian Aboriginal and Minority Supplier Council will help DaimlerChrysler ensure that all suppliers are given fair and equal consideration."
Indians Build 'Emerging Presence' In Capital
Washington D.C : The National Congress of American Indians was founded in 1944 to monitor and protect tribal interests. To reflect its growing involvement in politics and advocacy, the NCAI wants to buy its own building in downtown Washington and establish an American Indian Hall of Nations. "It's a long time coming," said NCAI President Tex G. Hall. "We have an emerging presence...it's clearly going to show our foothold in the capital." NCAI members wants a building near the Bureau of Indian Affairs as well as other agencies impacting Indian people and nations. The building will house NCAI offices, meeting space, and offices for tribal officials and members who come to town for business. Once the NCAI gets its office building, it may consider acquiring an "embassy," said Hall. "We're certainly not going to stop with an office building."
The Washington Post
Mexico Group Pacified With Christmas Trees
The Mazahua Indians, who had threatened to cut off water supplies to Mexico City, dropped their protests after officials promised them Christmas trees. The Mazahua Indians had been protesting damage caused to their land by dams created to help supply water to Mexico City. Recently, they promised to end the protests after the federal government offered reforestation aid, including seedlings for thousands of Christmas trees. Christmas trees have become increasingly popular in Mexico, where nativity scenes were once the main Yuletide decoration. But Mexico must import a large part of its trees from the United States and Canada.
Facts on the nation's American Indian and Alaska native population
4,300,000: American Indian and Alaska native or American Indian and Alaska native in combination with one or more other races;
3,100,000: claim membership in a specific tribe;
American Indian tribes with more than 50,000 members: Cherokee, Navajo, Choctaw, Blackfeet, Chippewa, Muscogee (Creek), Apache and Lumbee;
Cherokee is the largest with 697,400 members;
Tlingit is the largest Alaska native tribe, with 17,200 members;
In Alaska, tribes with 5,000 or more members: Alaskan Athabascan, Eskimo and Yup'ik.
48% percentage of American Indians and Alaska natives are married;
1,000,000 American Indian and Alaska native families. Of these:
63% are married couples;
57% include children under 18;
34% are married couples with their own children under 18.
538,300: American Indian and Alaska native living on reservations or other trust lands;
175,200 of these reside on Navajo nation reservation and trust lands;
66% live in metropolitan areas, lowest of any race group;
683,000 American Indian and Alaska natives living in California;
395,000 American Indian and Alaska natives living in Oklahoma;'
19% of Alaska's population is American Indian and Alaska native;
11% American Indian and Alaska natives in Oklahoma;
11% American Indian and Alaska natives in New Mexico.
1,400,000: American Indian and Alaska native children under 18;
292,000: American Indians and Alaska natives age 65 and over, 7% of the American Indian and Alaska native population.
14%: American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over with at least a bachelor's degree;
75%: American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over with at least a high school diploma;
125,000: American Indians and Alaska natives age 25 and over who have an advanced degree (i.e., master's, Ph.D., medical or law).
55%: American Indian and Alaska native households who own their own home
383,000 military veterans who identified themselves as American Indian and Alaska natives;
Of these, 147,000 served during the Vietnam War era.
381,000: people who speak a native North American language/
Of these languages, the most commonly spoken is Navajo, with 178,014 speakers.
24%: American Indians and Alaska natives age 16 and over who work in management, professional and related occupations.
shared by Gina Glaszko, Heard Museum
Healthy Living - Native super foods and healing ways
Arizona: - A new book on ''superfoods'' encourages eating 14 foods to revolutionize a person's health, including traditional Native foods like beans, pumpkin and salmon.
The book, ''Superfoods Rx: Fourteen Foods That Will Change Your Life,'' recommends a diet packed with beans, blueberries, broccoli, oats, oranges, pumpkin, wild salmon, soy, spinach, tea, tomatoes, turkey, walnuts and yogurt. Native healers, however, say food is only one ingredient on the path to good health, which depends on the balance and harmony of body, mind and spirit. For instance:
Research proves the beat of a drum in a traditional Native ceremony lead the brain to deeper alpha waves and makes more profound thinking and learning possible;
Research shows the benefits of traditional healing ways including sweats, herbs, running;
Science confirms that sweats are among the most beneficial practices for good health. Sweats rid the body of salt and hormones such as adrenaline, and lowers blood pressure, pulse rate and breathing;
The spirit needs meditation, self-worth, belonging, faith and fun;
The mind needs discipline, knowledge, freedom and security;
Among the most profound scientific proof is the healing force of traditional ways including the chant, drum and rattle;
Navajos and Hopis often roll in the snow early in the morning; Canadian Natives, too, often throw cold water on themselves in mornings. Science confirms that the sudden cold increases the white blood cell count which fights infection;
Traditional Ojibwa tea will slow and reverse the biological aging process.
Indian Country Today
A fight to save the tradition of wild rice
Wisconsin: For centuries, the Ojibwa and other Indian peoples have harvested the wild rice that flourished in the rivers and shallow lakes of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, and southern Canada. Today, fewer and fewer are willing to devote the time and labor to gathering and processing it. Another troubling development for the tribe: half the wild rice has disappeared over the past century. Another threat: cheap wild rice cultivated in man-made paddies and harvested by machine has been developed for market. Pete and Roger McGeshick Sr. are rice chiefs of the Sokaogon band of Ojibwa, two of many elders trying to keep alive the traditions of the harvest. Both have been harvesting wild rice since childhood. They spend much of the summer traveling through northern Wisconsin, visiting rice beds and monitoring their development. At the end of summer they determine when the rice is ready to harvest, and they encourage young people to participate."We're trying to get the younger people to do it," says Pete, "but they have other things to do. They think it's too much work. [Older tribe members] don't think of it as work. We just think of it as something we should be doing." Harvesting wild rice usually requires two people. One person stands in the stern and pushes the canoe with a long pole. The other reaches out with one stick, bends the stalks over the canoe, and hits the stalks with another stick to dislodge the ripe grains. "You don't have to hit it hard," he says. "A lot of people think you do. But you just want the ripe stuff," which falls off easily. On a good day a pair of harvesters can bring 200 pounds or more of wild rice.
USDA AWARDS GRANTS TO ASSIST SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS
Ariz. The USDA is awarding 22 competitive grants totaling more than $5,900,000 to strengthen efforts aimed at serving minority and disadvantaged farmers. Those receiving grants include:
Developing Innovations in Navajo Education, Inc., Flagstaff, Ariz., $292,886, for promoting effective traditional Navajo agricultural practices. This project will also increase Navajo farmer access to vital USDA support services.
Kentucky State University, Frankfort, Ky., $300,000, to enhance the knowledge of Native American and African American farmers in beef cattle and dairy beef operations and improve profitability.
Langston University, Oklahoma City, Okla., $300,000, to equip Native American and African American farmers to own and operate farms and ranches and to develop business skills.
Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Ala., $300,000, to work with Native American and Hispanic/Latino farm families to develop, and implement programs so they may apply for and acquire farms, equipment and housing.
University of Hawaii, Hoolehua, Hawaii, $300,000, to enable the Molokai native Hawaiians to establish farms and learn appropriate technology methods for sharing with other to native Hawaiian farm families.
Si Tanka (Big Foot) College, Eagle Butte, S.D., $299,748, for hands-on training to strengthen the skills of Native American farmers in processing and marketing cooperatives.
University of Hawaii, Hilo, Hawaii, $300,000, to improve the skills of small scale farmers in the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall islands, Hawaii and Alaska to enhance skills for a regional extension network
Inter-Tribal Agriculture Council, Billings, Mont., $300,000, to develop an outreach program which includes an Internet site for American Indian tribes, Indian agricultural producers, Indian landowners, and Tribal Land Grant Institutions
New Mexico State University, Alcalde, N.M., $219,283, for outreach and technical assistance to Native American and Hispanic farmers and ranchers to improve their farm management and marketing skills.
Navajo First Lady is honored by MADD
(TEXAS) -- First Lady of the Navajo Nation Vikki Shirley has received the Presidential Award of Excellence Award from Mother's Against Drunk Driving. "This award goes to the founder of the first chapter of the Navajo Nation following a drunken driving death in her family,"said MADD President Wendy Hamilton. "Since that time, she has carried MADD's mission in her heart to help save lives and prevent injuries and she is constantly seeking new and innovative strategies to combat drunk driving and underage drinking across the Navajo Nation. But her passion and influence does not stop there. Her work on behalf of MADD reaches Native Americans nationwide and the public at large. Due to her national exposure, she is able to make MADD's mission to everyone she meets, but she never forgets the people who need her most in her own Navajo community."
Diabetes program honored
The Rosebud Sioux Tribe's Diabetes Prevention Program has been awarded the Indian Health Service Health Promotion/Disease Prevention Award for Excellence. The program screened 2,869 children and adolescents, identifying 1,916 youth at high risk for health problems. More than 700 youth have participated in the free wellness program that includes exercise, nutrition education and incentives for completing exercise and weight-loss goals.
Bush used IHS money for anti-terrorism, Iraq
According to the Washington Post:
*The Bush administration has used Indian Health Service monies for homeland security and the Iraq war;
*The administration claims it is increasing the IHS budget, but the 2005 budget request includes cuts to construction of new facilities;
*Democrats in Congress have tried to add more money to IHS, but Republicans have voted against it;
*The lack of funding for IHS affects people on the reservation, some of who are subject to a "life or limb" policy;
*Federal prisoners on average receive twice the health care dollars as IHS patients. The problem extends beyond the current administration;
*According to a report from the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, funding for Indian programs decreased between 1975 and 2000 when adjusted for inflation.
Alien Skull Mystery Continues
70 years ago, a young girl in Mexico discovered a human female skeleton on a cave floor, with a small skeletal hand sticking out of the dirt, grasping the skeleton's arm. It' is the buried misshapen skeleton with a deformed skull which baffles scientists and researchers. "Who" and "what" was found in that Mexican cave? Lloyd Pye believes it's a Starchild, or a human-alien hybrid, along with its mother or caretaker. P ye, author and researcher for the Starchild Research Project, says stories of Starchildren are common among ancient cultures. The stories say a being from the heavens comes to earth and impregnates a woman who is usually infertile. Then, the village raises the child until the being returns several years later to take the child with it. As far-fetched as this might sound, Pye has done everything to prove the deformed skull couldn't possibly belong to a Starchild, but test results are puzzling:
There's nothing to account for the human deformities--nothing like it has ever been found;
Its mother's DNA is human; it's father's DNA can't be recovered;
The bone is significantly harder than it should be;
There was a stronger-than-usual smell of “burning bone” when cutting it;
When soaked in a human bone solvent, the Starchild should have dissolved within a week, or less. After ten weeks of soaking, the Starchild bone had not dissolved a bit;
When a strong detergent was added to the mix, the Starchild bone completely dissolved overnight. Unexpected.
Watch the video of a question and answer session with Lloyd Pye. rtsp://real.gannett.speedera.net/real.gannett/wusa/unexlloydpye.rm
South Dakota: On June 17, a new Vermillion law made it illegal to curse in front of kids under 12. But it is a law hardly enforced. “It is a tool that is there to be used when circumstances permit,” said mayor Roger Kozac. As an example, City Attorney James McCulloch said the law could be useful at a baseball game. If a spectator got out of hand and yelled obscenities, it would be an excuse to remove him and charge him with breaking the ordinance. Fines for breaking this law are between $60 to $90.
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