Youth and Education News
January 7, 2004, 2003 Issue 125, Volume 4
"What you learn, take it with you and share it with others." Tony Incashola, Flathead
Spacecraft Collects Particles From Comet
NASA 's Stardust spacecraft flew through the bright halo of the comet Wild 2 to scoop up less than a thimbleful dust. Stardust passed within 143 miles of Wild 2 (pronounced Vilt-2), which is simply a dirty ball of ice. Scientists want to study the particles because they represent pristine examples of building blocks from our solar system which dates back 4,600,000,000 years. Scientists also believe the dust contains many of the organic molecules necessary for life.
Earth's Magnetic Field Weakens 10 Percent
The strength of the Earth's magnetic field has decreased 10% over the past 150 years. At this rate of decline, the field could vanish altogether in 1,500 to 2,000 years. But scientists have cautioned that scenario is an unlikely one. "The chances are it will not," said Jeremy Bloxham of Harvard University. The weakening magnetic field has also made Earth more vulnerable to radiation from outer space. Over the southern Atlantic Ocean, the weakening magnetic field has lessened Earth's protection from the radiation bombarding us from space.
Global warming is killing us too, say Inuit
The Inuit people of Canada and Alaska are launching a human rights case against the Bush administration. Inuit people are claiming they face extinction because of global warming. The Inuit cite the Bush administration's refusal to sign the Kyoto treaty and cut U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, which make up 25% of the world's total. "The ocean is too warm. Our elders, who instruct the young on the ways of the winter and what to expect, are at a loss. Last Christmas after the ice had formed, the temperature rose to 4C [39F] and it rained. We'd never known it before," said Sheila Watt-Cloutier, the chairwoman of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference. The Inuit have invited the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to visit the Arctic circle to witness the devastation caused by global warming. "We want to show that we are not powerless victims," Watt-Cloutier said. "These are drastic times for our people and require drastic measures."
Arctic explorers raise awareness of climate change
An American-led dogsled team has begun a six-month adventure through the Arctic. The group, Arctic Transect 2004, is made up of six people and three dogsled teams traveling through the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. The group will document Arctic climate changes, meet Inuit Elders and students, explore traditional knowledge, and visit remote communities. The scientific data will be given to NASA and Environment Canada. "What we want to do is really put a face on climate change, " says Canadian Hugh Dale-Harris
Follow Arctic Transect 2004in realtime: http://polarhusky.com/portal.html
Is It Time to Tax Plastic Shopping Bags?
Estimates show Americans use some
plastic shopping bags every year -- or about 425
bags for every American. The bags flutter from tree limbs, get balled up and stuffed under kitchen sinks and fill landfills where they take
years to decompose. Now, some say it's time the bags were taxed -- or even banned. World
* Ireland has imposed a 15-cent tax on the bags. The move has reduced plastic bag consumption by 95%, or more than 1,000,000 bags;
*Taiwan, Bangladesh and the city of Bombay, India, have all imposed plastic bag taxes;
*Australia, Scotland and the city of Shanghai, China will soon begin taxing plastic bag consumers;
*At least three towns in Alaska have banned the free distribution of the bags to customers. Grocers use paper sacks or reusable bags that customers bring with them;
* In January, California's House of Representatives will discuss a bill to charge a 2-cent tax on each of the 10,800,000,000 plastic bags Californians take from stores every year;
*Some Supermarket chains, including Shoprite, offer a 2-cent credit for every reusable bag a customer brings to the counter;
*Nearly 50% of U.S. supermarkets offer plastic bag recycling.
Land with woods, Indian mounds destined to be nature preserve
40-acres of southern Wisconsin woodland has been donated to Jefferson County for a naature preserve. The land contains 22 Indian burial mounds. Theo Garman of Waterloo is donating the land in honor of her late husband, Dr. J.S. Garman. "This is a magnificent piece of land that's never been farmed and Mrs. Garmen's offer is just amazing," said Parks Director Joe Nehmer. The Garman Mound Group is a an unusual combination of mound types and arrangements. Many expect Garman Mound to be registered with the National and State Historical Register of Historic places. Nehmer believes his department will be working closely with the state and Indian tribes to restore and preserve the mounds. "We want to work with everyone concerned closely and respectfully," he said.
Paintings honour Cambay elders
About a dozen elders in Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, have been posing for a series of portraits. The drawings will acknowledge and recognize the elders' contributions to their community. The portraits, sketched by artist Cameron McCleod, will be displayed in public halls.
Cherokee Choir releases new album
The Cherokee Youth Choir has released a new album, "Jesus Is Born Today." The album features nine traditional Christmas songs and one original composition in the Cherokee Language. "I've been in the choir for four years -- since it began," said member Lora Miller. "I'm not only learning the Cherokee language, but I'm also learning a lot more about my culture." The songs were recorded in the historic Park Hill Presbyterian Church, which was founded in 1835 and houses one of the oldest congregations in the Cherokee Nation. The Youth Choir consists of Cherokee children who audition for the group. Originally, the choir was open to students in sixth through ninth grades, but now, older students can audition as well. The choir's Christmas album was released right after the Sixth Annual Native American Music Awards. During that ceremony, the Youth Choir's second CD, "Building One Fire," was voted best gospel/Christian recording. The CD was also nominated for Album of the Year. In 2002, the choir's first album, "Voices of the Creator's Children," also won a NAMMY for best gospel/Christian recording.
Lacrosse nets youths
In Hawaii, the Aloha Youth Lacrosse Association and the Hawaiian Islands Youth Lacrosse are promoting their sport. The two non-profits have joined efforts to offer free lacrosse clinics to and generate interest for league play. "You need hand-eye coordination," said Shanon Arnold, 15 , who plays defensive back for Kapolei High School's football team, "...but it's pretty easy to catch on. It's a fun game."
Interesting facts about lacrosse:
The most famous player ever probably was NFL rushing great Jim Brown, who was an Ex-University of Hawaii's football coach Bob Wagner made the All-Midwest team twice while also playing football at Wittenburg (Ohio) University.
Legend says La Crosse, Wis. (pop. 51,003), was named after lacrosse, the sport. It was played in the area by 18th century French traders.
Lacrosse is among the oldest sports in North America and was played by Native Americans in the 1400s.
Boys cross-country win state, girls place fifth
The Sequoyah High School boys' cross-country team ran to its sixth state title in Oklahoma. The boys' competition consists of a 3.1-mile run. Coach Sam HorseChief said the team was inspired by cancer-stricken teammate Konrad Holmes. "It's been a year-long thing," he said. "We even said that right before they took off. We reminded them of that, saying that they might be feeling tired or hurting at the last part of the race, but they just had to remember him. They really wanted to win that for Konrad. I think that really motivated them." The girls' team placed fifth at the Class 2A state meet. This was the third consecutive year the girls have made it to state
SDSU has its mascot: the Aztec Warrior
A new mascot has been born at San Diego State University. Eighty-three percent of students and alumni have elected a historically accurate, loincloth-wearing Aztec Warrior mascot to cheer on their Aztec athletes. The vote came after the Aztec warrior, "Monty Montezuma," was dropped in 2001 because it was deemed disrespectful to Native Americans. This propelled SDSU into a national debate over whether it was racially biased to use indigenous cultures as sports mascots. During the recent SDSU mascot election, held Dec. 3-5, students and alumni could vote on the issue. The election results would be binding only if the majority of both groups voted the same way. The results showed that:
Almost 10,000 students voted;
78.3% , or 7,731, of the students voted yes'
21.7%, or 2,142, voted no
88.4% , or 4,186, voted in favor of the mascot;
11.6%, or 551, opposed it.
S.D. Public Broadcasting to launch new Indian program
This month, South Dakota Public Broadcasting will launch a new program, "NTV," short for "Native Television." NTV will replace "Outside the Box," an Indian talk show. The monthly program's name gives the hour long talk show better audience recognition and ties in with younger viewers. "I think it describes the program a bit better (than "Outside the Box,")" said Bob Bosse, SDPB's television director. The talk show's host will be Frank J. King III, a Rosebud Sioux Tribe member and coeditor/publisher of the weekly newspaper The Native Voice. His wife will co-host. Guests will include:
Elouise Cobell, a Blackfeet and lead plaintiff in a class-action suit regarding Indian trust funds;
Tex Hall, a Mandan-Hidatsa-Arikara and president of the National Congress of American Indians, or NCAI;
Ernie Stevens, Jr., National Indian Gaming Association chairman; and
Russell Means, Oglala Lakota activist and actor.
Fox Diversity premieres "Urban Pow Wow" documentary
FOX Entertainment Group has kept its promise to American Indians by opening the doors to the entertainment industry. Fox Diversity Development recently celebrated the screening of the student documentary feature: "Urban Pow Wow," which covers three days of the largest gathering of American Indians on the West Coast: the Southern California Indian Center Pow wow (2002) at the Orange County Fairgrounds in California. This production, filmed by students, is the first project released by Intertribal Entertainment. ITE is an entertainment and multimedia job-training program for American Indians administered by the Southern California Indian Center
Urban Pow Wow: http://www.Indiancenter.tv and go to
Fox Diversity: http://www.fox.com/diversity
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