Native Village 

Youth and Education News

May 4, 2005 Issue 151 Volume 3

"As a Native American youth you need to be successful in both worlds. That means you need to be successful in keeping our culture alive and you also need to be successful in the Western way of living. That means going to college and coming back to help." Tasha Norton, Hupa, Yurok and Karuk

OHA Planning new Headquarters and Cultural Center in Kakaako
Hawaii: The Office of Hawaiian Affairs is planning to build a $32,000,000 oceanfront headquarters and the state's first Hawaiian cultural center near Kakaako.  "We are the host culture, yet we have no cultural center that we can call our own,"  said OHA Administrator Clyde Namuo .  "We saw this as a significant void." The office complex could one day serve as the headquarters for a Native Hawaiian government established under the proposed federal Hawaiian recognition bill.
The Associated Press State & Local Wire

Inner Peru Poverty Down To 59 Percent, 2003
Peru:From 2001 to 2004,  Inner Peru's poverty rate fell from 64% to 59%. Peru's poverty is heavily concentrated in the rural areas where:
More than 66% of the population is poor;
More than 50% are considered extremely poor, living on less than $1.00 a day;
Indigenous population is 15% of the whole population and has a poverty rate of 70%;
Poverty rates in the highlands and in the jungle are nearly double that of the coastal regions.
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HUD expands guaranteed home loans for Midwestern Indians
Michigan: The federal government has expanded a guaranteed home loan program for American Indians to include tribal members in Indiana, Michigan and Minnesota living outside their reservations.  "What it really means is it's going to allow greater access for our tribal members to secure home ownership through guaranteed loans," said John Miller, tribal chairman of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians.  In most states, the program was available only to those with reservation homes. Last month, tribes in Arizona, Florida and Wisconsin became the country's first to start using the expanded Section 184 Indian Housing Loan Guarantee Program.

Tribal leader slams Congress over budget cuts
Washington D.C.: Harold Frazier, Chairman of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe, was invited by lawmakers to speak about next fiscal year's budget cuts affecting American Indians.     Addressing a U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Interior and Related Agencies, Frazier was blunt and outspoken:
About the BIA Budgeting Process:   "The BIA and [Indian Health Service] have us traveling all over the country chasing the pot of money at the end of the rainbow. We all know there is no end to a rainbow. I come here today asking you to honor our treaties. Our ancestors, when they signed the treaty, they smoked the cannupa and they swore to uphold these treaties. In our treaties, there were agreements made, where the U.S. government agreed to provide us with education, health, agricultural resources, welfare, and help us to build our economy. Yet today, these entitlements are being separated and manipulated into discretionary services which can be exterminated at the stroke of a pen."
Federal handling of Indian lands:  "There are no resources and authorities at the local agency level to better manage our lands. There is no relief from the BIA or [Department of Interior],  who are the caretakers of our trust lands. There are limits on their responsibilities to that of financial management of income from trust lands.  To continue [developing] the Office of Special Trust will cause harm to both Indian landowners and tribal governments because we are the ones who are being sacrificed to fund a new and unnecessary bureaucratic department."
Health Funding Cuts:  "We receive $4,100,000  for direct care for our hospital and clinics. When pro-rated to each of the 7,092 patients that utilize the hospital,  it averages $588.00 per patient per year. Millions of dollars are being appropriated but it is not put at the level where the diabetics are; over $26,000,000 is held back at the central and regional levels. The funds come in forms of grants and are for research and we have been researched to death. It is time that these findings from the research are funded to cure the disease of diabetes. Where do the diabetics go when the grants run out of funding?"
Officials cutting the BIA budget by 2%: "Our tribe cannot absorb these cuts; they are not cuts but amputations of basic services. History shows that the local agency level budgets shrink and the central office and regional office budgets grow. The increases need to go out into Indian Country where the majority of Indians live in poverty. Many of our people don't have much, but they do have a prayer. We as a  tribe pray that that the United States government will honor our treaties."

"Bigfoot" tape thrills northern community
Manitoba: Ferry operator Bobby Clarke was taking a barge across the Nelson River when he noticed something on the shore. Grabbing his camcorder, he filmed a tall, dark humanoid-like figure moving on the riverbank. "It's not a bear or human walking around," said Clarke's father-in-law, John Henry. "You can tell by the features." While some viewers express doubts, others believe the figure resembles Sasquatch, the shy, hairy giant rumoured to inhabit remote woodlands in western parts of North America.  Linda Queskekavow, one of Clarke's neighbours, says there's nothing to be worried about if it really is Bigfoot, also known by its Canadian name,  Sasquatch (meaning "wild man" or "hairy man" in the Salish language). "That Sasquatch is not harmful," said Queskekavow, who saw the videotape. "I think it's scared of people."
See the CBC video, Tracking Sasquatch:

Exercise and Diabetes: What you should know
For 135,000,000 people living with diabetes, 15 - 30 minutes of daily exercise helps relieve stress, control weight, delay health complications, and increase blood circulation.

Y Type 1 Diabetes
For those with type 1 diabetes, test your blood 60 minutes and 30 minutes before exercising to find out whether your blood glucose level is stabilizing or dropping.  According to the American Diabetes Association, for most people, the safe pre-workout blood glucose range is from 100 to 250 mg/dL. If your blood glucose level is below 100 mg/dL, have a snack before exercising. If it is between 100 to 150 mg/dL, be prepared to snack while exercising.
Y Type 2 Diabetes
For those with type 2 diabetes, exercise takes glucose out of the blood to use for energy during and after exercise. Check with your doctor before exercising with a blood glucose level over 200mg/dL.  For most, high blood glucose levels means insulin resistance--NOT insulin insufficiency. Exercise will help reduce this resistance, lower elevated glucose levels and improve the efficiency of insulin.
Y Starting an exercise program:
b Visit your doctor for a complete physical and create an exercise program that meets your needs.
b Keep a blood glucose level before and after exercise.
b For emergencies, always carry short acting glucose solutions such as an apple, hard candy or juice box.
b Examine your feet for blisters or reddened areas before and after exercise.  If foot sores or pains persist, see your doctor.
b Avoid exercising during extreme weather conditions to protect your lungs and heart from stress.
b Discuss any new exercise plans with your healthcare provider. digest

New Inuit food guide
Quebec: Though loyalty still exists for ptarmigan, caribou, seal and other "country foods" eaten by Inuit for thousands of years, modern foods are making inroads.  These days, store shelves are full of nutrition-poor convenience foods, and their effect on Inuit health has been immediate.  Diabetes rates are rising, and iron deficiency is a major problem.  ''Country foods are high in iron and other minerals,'' explained Mandy Graham from the Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services.  ''When people make a habit of substituting soda pop and a bag of chips for a real meal, they end up with an iron-poor diet.''  Nunaviik's Health Board recently released a food guide that emphasizes the nutrition dense traditional foods. Inuk artist Sammy Kudluk created the food guide into an igloo with an Inuit family the center. The chart's domed shape is based on a rainbow-like format.
The smallest arch of the Nunavik chart contains meat and fish, dearly-loved traditional foods closest to the Inuits' hearts;'
In the next arch, fish make a surprise appearance in the dairy food selection.  ''People here make fish-head soup,'' said Graham. ''Fish bones are a great source of calcium, so they're included in the dairy section. Fish is also shown with meat in the lowest arch, of course;''
The third arch includes berries, which are gathered by women during berry season, and other fruits and vegetables;
In the largest outer circle, bannock is included with the grain-based items.
The Nunavik food guide is available in Inuttitut, English and French. Coming soon from the health board is a cookbook featuring healthy recipes, which will enhance the effectiveness of the guide.

Paiute Tribe dedicates children's park

Utah: A Cedar City playground built by the Paiute tribe is part of an effort to combat diabetes and promote healthy lifestyles for children. "We're concerned about our youth. We want them to be healthy and to grow strong in order to avoid diseases that are so prevalent to the tribe," said Lora Tom, tribal chairwoman. "Obesity and diabetes are epidemic, not only for our tribe, but nationwide." Construction was funded through a federal initiative to fight diabetes. The park is the fifth built by the Paiute Tribe.

Protein in Body May Stop Cancer
A recent study says a protein known as PHLPP or "flip," may act as a natural tumor suppressor by flipping a switch and stopping the growth of cancer cells. PHLPP affects another protein called Akt/protein kinase B, which helps regulate cell growth and death and has been linked to common cancers.  "A drug that turns on PHLPP, so that it suppresses cell growth caused by Akt, could be a potential cancer therapy," says Alexandra C. Newton, PhD, from the University of California, San Diego. The study appears in the April 1 issue of the journal Molecular Cell.

Geographic Society Is Seeking A Genealogy of Humankind
The National Geographic Society and IBM have begun a five-year project to study a genealogy of the world's populations. Many studies have established the human family tree has a single root: the ancestral human population that began to migrate from northeast Africa some 50,000 years ago. By collecting and analyzing blood samples from the world's indigenous people, NGS hopes to trace humanity's historic migration paths.  The NGS program hopes their study will complete the goals of 1991's Human Genome Diversity Project. However, many anthropologists claim that looking for genetic differences among populations is racist. And advocates for indigenous peoples portray it as a "vampire project" that provides valuable medical information from the blood of endangered tribes while giving nothing in return.
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