History and Traditions Library

 

 

"Among the Indians there have been no written laws. Customs handed down from generation to generation have been the only laws to guide them. Every one might act different from what was considered right did he choose to do so, but such acts would bring upon him the censure of the Nation.... This fear of the Nation's censure acted as a mighty band, binding all in one social,
honorable compact."     George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-bowh), Ojibwa

 

**NATIVE AMERICAN GHOST DANCE
Taken in 1894, watch the oldest known footage of Native American drumming and Ghost Dance
https://www.thevintagenews.com/

**The Ancient of White Race Described by Native Americans
Tribes across North America have legends and stories of giant white men who inhabited these lands.
http://www.disclose.tv

/**THE SCIENCE BEHIND SMUDGING: WHAT REALLY HAPPENS WHEN WE BURN SAGE
Smudging, which dates back to prehistoric times, and still used today for cleansing everything from dwellings to human spirits. 
http://thespiritscience.net/

*Navajo Early Morning Blessing
"Hooghan" from the album Sacred Mountains by Louie Gonnie courtesy Canyon Records 
https://www.youtube.com**

Day of the Dead: Build Your Own Altar
Instead of grieving, Latin and Mexican Americans choose to commemorate the lives of the dearly departed and welcome the return of their spirits.
http://latino.si.edu/dayofthedead/

**"Egyptian" Slaves and Bond Servants in South Carolina
South Carolina’s slave codes contained three classes of slaves – Native Americans, Africans and Egyptians.  
http://peopleofonefire.com/

**In the Light of Reverence
A beautifully rendered account of the struggles of the Lakota in the Black Hills, the Hopi in Arizona and the Wintu in California to protect their sacred sites.
http://www.pbs.org/

WisconsinAct31.org
Learn about the 12,000 year span of human history of the Great Lakes, including the 12 contemporary nations. http://education.wisc.edu/

Native American Shamanism
https://tskies.com/

**The First Americans
.Radio-carbon dating reveals that  the earliest humans arrived in the Americas much earlier than previously thought
http://www.pbslearningmedia.org

**Where Did The First Americans Come From?
When did this happen, and how can we confirm the date?
http://testtube.com/

**Gathering of Plants/Plant Parts by Federally Recognized Indian Tribes for Traditional Purposes
Indigenous Elders' statement to the National Park Service regarding their proposed rule of gathering plants or plant parts in national parks
http://spiret.org/

**View the Sun Dagger Explorer
Interactive computer graphics model of the Sun Dagger site in Chaco Canyon, NM
http://www.solsticeproject.org/l



TRADITIONAL PEACEMAKING: EXPLORING THE INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN TRIBAL COURTS AND PEACEMAKING, INCLUDING ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION
Exploring the intersections between tribal courts and peacemaking, including alternatives to detention.

http://narf.org/

**Sustaining Places
Resources for small museums and historic sites.
http://sustainingplaces.com/

**1628: Across the Continent
Select a Region to find out what was happening across today's United States.
www.pbs.org/

**Our Songs
A celebration of music and origin from the World's Indigenous Peoples.
www.witbn.org/

**Traditional Medicines
Cheyenne Preach Chief Gordon Yellowman discusses traditional medicine
https://vimeo.com/

Document Showcase: American Indians in Colonial New York
From the New York State archives
www.archives.nysed.gov/

**Making Slavery in New France: Indigenous and Atlantic Histories
Between the 1660s and 1760s, the colonists of New France held thousands of American Indians as slaves. www.common-place.org/

**Booming Out: Mohawk Ironworkers Build New York
An online exhibition from the NMAI
http://nmai.si.edu

*Mapping Intergenerational Memories (Part I)
Proving the Contemporary Truth of the Indigenous Past
http://papers.ssrn.com/

*Annual Lei Day Celebration
Information about this Hawaiian celebration that takes place on May 1.
 
www.co.honolulu.hi.us/

**Winter Counts, Their Pictographic Histories
www.welchdakotapapers.com/

**Oral History of the Dakota Tribes
As told to Col. A.B. Welch, the first white man adopted by the Sioux
www.welchdakotapapers.com/

**Native Skywatchers: Ojibwe Giizhig Anung Masinaaigan
An Ojibwe Star Map with ojibwe vocabulary, audio, curriculum resources, and more. .http://web.stcloudstate.edu/

Michigan Odawa History Project
http://turtletalk.wordpress.com

The Myth of Pocahontas
This v
ideo from NOVA introduces the popular story of how Native American princess Pocahontas rescued colonist John Smith.
http://wbgu.pbslearningmedia.org/

Thanksgiving
From the Library of Congress: Discover historical perspectives about Thanksgiving traditions beginning with the Mayflower's pilgrims .
 http://wbgu.pbslearningmedia.org/c

We are the Music
Explore the 700-year history of Santa Fe, New Mexico through the music and dance of 11 cultural groups.
http://wbgu.pbslearningmedia.org/

Museum and Curatorial Studies Review
A peer reviewed journal.
http://macs-review.com/

***Ancient Observatories: Chichen Itza
An interactive site filled with activities.
www.exploratorium.edu/

*The New Echota Traditional Cultural Properties Study 
New Echota depicts the history of the Cherokee Nation and the meaning of New Echota.
www.archaeologychannel.org

**Early California Population Project
An amazing wealth of information available about California's early Indian tribes.
www.huntington.org

**Mayan Underground
Did scientists find Xibalba -- the underworld "place of fear" in Mayan mythology?
www.aol.com/video/

**Indian Sacred Sites
Prepared by the USDA Office of Tribal Relations and USDA Forest Service
www.fs.fed.us

***Mysteries of the Mounds      
Online video: Almost 1000 years ago, Georgia's Ocmulgee became one of the first large ceremonial centers of an ancient civilization.
www.archaeologychannel.org/

*America's History in the Making
Pre-Columbian America and the early contacts between Europeans, Native  Americans, and Africans
http://learner.org/redirect/november/ahist16.html

**They Were Here: Ice Age Humans in South Carolina    
Location: South Carolina  
www.archaeologychannel.org/

**Teotihuacan, City of Gods
The most complete exhibition ever gathered about Teotihuacan culture
http://citedesdieux.cultura-inah.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=68&Itemid=85

**Compact History
Canada, US and Mexico Tribal histories.

www.dickshovel.com/up.html

**Ancient Ohio Trail
Immerse yourself in the Heartland of Ancient America.
www.ancientohiotrail.org/

**Machu Picchu Revealed    
Online video: Tour Machu Picchu,  aUNESCO World Heritage Site, an learn about the great Andean civilization
www.archaeologychannel.org/

**La Quinceanera
A Coming of Age Ritual in Latino Communities
www.loc.gov\

**Ghosts of the Mountains    
Location: Pennsylvania  
www.archaeologychannel.org/\

** People of the Whale, Part 1    
Online video: Often called the "Pompeii of the Northwest," the Ozette Site yielded the perfectly preserved remains of a pre-contact Makah village beneath a series of mudslides.
www.archaeologychannel.org/

*Etnias   
The Amazonian peoples of the eastern Peruvian rainforest are adapting their ancient traditions to the modern world.
www.archaeologychannel.org/

**Preserving Metis History
Lesson plans from CBC
http://archives.cbc.ca/for_teachers/908/

**Texas Beyond History
13,500 years of human history in Texas
www.texasbeyondhistory.net/

**In Vivid Color: Voices from Shiloh's Mound
Online Video: Archaeologists in Tennessee unearthed the architecture of a Mississippian platform mound built a thousand years ago.
www.archaeologychannel.org

*We Do Not Know His Name: Klatsassin and the Chilcotin War
What is the truth behind this Canadian mystery?
www.canadianmysteries.ca

**Native American Tribal Historic Preservation Officers
Native tribes responsible through State Historic Preservation Officers for their tribal land
www.indigenouspeoplesissues.com/

**The Raid on Deertown
The many stories of 1704
www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/home.do

**PADDLE JOURNEYS
The return of the ocean-going cedar dugout canoes and their traditions.
http://community-2.webtv.net/

A photo gallery of where the “cloud warriors” of ancient Peru once lived.
www.latimes.com/

**Moundville: Journey Through Time      
Location: Alabama 
www.archaeologychannel.org

Gallica - Bureau of American ethnology
A database information from 1881-1933 about American Indian tribes, issues or studies.
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z/dat

The 1850 Indian Slavery Act
An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians in California
www.indiancanyon.org/ACTof1850.html

**Body Modification Ancient and Modern
More about piercing, tattooing, and body painting and its relationships to Native cultures.
www.museum.upenn.edu/

Tribal Journeys: Native American and First Nations Canoe Journeys of the Pacific NW
Features segments & interviews by the Tulalip Youth Radio Club
www.tribaljourneys.com


**OGLALA LAKOTAH ORAL HISTORY OF DEC 29, 1890 WOUNDED KNEE MASSACRE
http://mytwobeadsworth.com/WoundedKnee3.html

**Mystery of the Tattooed Mummy
An ornately tattooed 1,600-year-old mummy unearthed in Peru could be a warrior queen of the violent Moche people.
www7.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0606/feature2/

Maya Ruins
Photographs from book: Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatan (1841)
http://nac.library.cornell.edu/

**THE MEDICINE WHEEL
Video clip of an emotional story of First Nations spirituality told in the first person
www.firstnationsfilms.com/

Mapping History
Thousands of maps spanning the known world
www.bl.uk/learning/

North America Before 1500 AD
www.historyforkids.org/

North America After 1500 AD
www.historyforkids.org/

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail
Remember and commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people
www.nps.gov/trte/

**Historical Overview of the Relationship between the Federal Government and American Indians
http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/

Jamestown Journey
Marks the 400th anniversary of the founding of the first permanent English settlement in America
www.JamestownJourney.org/

**Forty-Seven Cents An Acre
A lesson plan where students stage a mock trial of the American-Indian Movement members who conducted the Alcatraz occupation.
www.kqed.org/w/alcatraz/pdf/forty-seven-cents.pdf

**Traditions of the Sun
Explore the Americas' ancient observatories.
www.traditionsofthesun.org/

**A Tale Told by Ancient Bones
A Flash story about Kennewick Man
www.time.com/time/covers/20060313/flash/index.html

**Ancient Observatories Gallery
Amazing!  Easy to use compilation of ancient ruins and other locations observed from space
www.spaceimaging.com/

A Native American Scoops Lewis And Clark
The voyage of Moncacht-apé
www.common-place.org/**THE CHINCHORRO MUMMIES
Discovered in Chile, the oldest mummies ever found.
/www.beingindigenous.org/magazine/chinchorro.htm

Archive of Early American Images
A database of pictures of the colonial Americas printed or created between 1492 -1825
www.brown.edu/
**The Wounded Knee Museum
A new interactive website to explore and learn more about the Wounded Knee massacre.
www.woundedkneemuseum.org/

Guns, Germs and Steel
Traces humanity's journey over the last 13,000 years" with a focus on understanding "the roots of global inequality."
www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/

Raid on Deerfield: The Many Stories of 1704
Interactive website offers a complex narrative of the well-known raid on the Massachusetts town which in February, 1704
www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/
 

Traditional knowledge of the Inuit
An introduction to Inuit classification system for life and some Inuit legends.

www.arctic.uoguelph.ca/

*
Transcontinental Railroad
The West before white settlement
www.pbs.org

The Nazca Lines of Peru
An alien airport, ancient observatory...what do these 37 miles of straight lines mean? Learn more, then draw your own landscape figure!
http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/nazca.htm

*American Journeys
Early Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement
www.americanjourneys.org/texts.asp

*Sipapu
The Anasazi Emergence into the CyberWorld
http://sipapu.gsu.edu/

* Alaska's Digital Archives
A wealth of historical photographs, oral histories, moving images, documents, and other materials.
http://vilda.alaska.edu/

* Mapping Our Land
A Guide to Making Your Own Maps of Communities and Traditional Lands
http://topics.developmentgateway.org

Nevada History in Maps
   A collection of dozens of historic maps including imaps representing Native American settlements or culture.
 
www.delamare.unr.edu//

**Native Ways: Promoting Subsistence Living and Health Lifestyles in Alaskan Villages
Students, teachers and Yup'ik eldersare working to bring back subsistence living skills..
www.whatkidscando.org

**The Museum Collections at Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Artifacts from the Chaco Canyon, an area of the Colorado Plateau occupied by Native Americans for over 10,000 years. 
    
www.cr.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/chcu/

**Wayfinders: A Pacific Odyssey
Build a sailing canoes & follow the stars on a 2,000-mile Polynesian voyage across the ocean. 
    
www.pbs.org/wayfinders/

*The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut 1636-1776
Sn initiative of the University of Connecticut Libraries and supported by the Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center.
www.colonialct.uconn.edu/
*
America on the Move
From the Smithsonian, interconnected routes exploring how transportation has affected our world.
 
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/

*David Rumsey Historical Map Collection 
Browse through atlases, globes, school geographies, maritime charts and more  on 18th and 19th century North and South American cartographic materials
www.davidrumsey.com/    
    

*Australian Indigenous Weather Knowledge 
Australia's Bureau of Meteorology is gathering knowledge Indigenous Australians long held their seasonal calendars. 
www.developmentgateway.org

You Are the Historian: Investigating the First Thanksgiving
         www.plimoth.org/olc/


*Lewis & Clark: The National Bicentennial Exhibition
www.lewisandclarkexhibit.org

*American Museum of Natural History Online Field Journal
www.educationworld.com/

PreservationDirectory.com
Resources "for historic preservation, building restoration and cultural resource
management in the United States and Canada.
www.preservationdirectory.com/

*Telling an Old Story in a New Way
Focuses on the 1704 raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts,
www.1704.deerfield.history.museum

* Nez Perce Nee-Me-Poo National Historic Trail
The 1877 flight of the Nez Perce from their homelands is one of the most f sorrowful events in Western U.S. history.
www.fs.fed.us/npnht/

*
The Cherokee Trail of Tears
www.rosecity.net/tears/

* Voices from the Western Front
An AMAZING website of press clippings and other writings saved by a farsighted Lakota family.
www.rootsweb.com/~nalakota/

North Dakota State Archives and Historical Research Librar
Information major historic sites in and a history and chronology of the state
 
www.state.nd.us/hist/

The Day You Were Born
http://217.154.97.2/dob/default.asp

Public History Resource Center
Learn about what exactly constitutes public history
www.publichistory.org/

Library Windows on the Past
A single place to search and browse  significant, historical, digital collections cr
  
http://historical.library.cornell.edu/

National Day of Mourning
On Thanksgiving Day, many Native Americans and their supporters gather at the top of Coles Hill, overlooking Plymouth Rock, for the "National Day of Mourning." 
www.holidays.net/thanksgiving/mourn.htm

Ancient World Mapping Center
Promotes cartography and geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies." 
www.unc.edu/awmc/

LOS DIAS DE LOS MUERTOS 
(The Days of the Dead)
In the language of the day, All Saints Day and All Souls' Day were known as All-hallowsmas, and October 31 was "All Hallowed's Eve" or Hallow'e'en.
www.mexconnect.com/

Day of the Dead
From mid-October through the first week of November, Mexicans celebrate The Dia de Muertos (Day of theDead)
www.mexconnect.com/

Race Timeline
Learn about the History and evolution of the race concept
www.pbs.org/History of Survival: A Pine Ridge Example
by Desiree Renee Martinez, Gabrielino (Tongva)
hwww.pbs.org/

Law in Mexico Before the Conquest
Explores Aztec and Mayan law through images an  brief overviews of topics such as warfare, attorneys, family law, and more
  
www.law.utexas.edu/rare/aztec/

Thanksgiving Myths, Thanksgiving Realities
A commentary by Mahtowin Monroe and Moonanum James on why Thanksgiving is a day or mourning for them. 
http://talkinghistory.oah.org/

Rediscovering Tribal Wizdom 
An article by Shawn Desjarlais about revitalizing traditional educational practices 
www.wiretapmag.org/story.html?StoryID=15530

Indian Christmas Prayer
www.shadowwolf.org/an_indian_prayer.html

PROPHECY OF THE WHITE BUFFALO 
A wonderful article about the Sacred White Buffalo and Miracle.
www.azwv.com/pmc/azwv/current_miracle.asp

Children in History
American history through children's voices.
www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/

used
REDISCOVERING TRIBAL WIZDOM
A Native youth activist tells how he's helping other Native youth break the non-native mindset.
www.wiretapmag.org/music.html

The People of America Foundation
Collects, organizes, distributes and maintains the largest and most inclusive electronic database on the history of the peopling of the United States.
www.americansall.com/ 

Ohio Memory Celebrates Ohio History
www.ohiomemory.org

Animated Atlas
Portrays Large Chunks of History quickly through animated maps.
www.animatedatlas.com/index.html

AZTEC RELIGION AND RITUAL 
An Indian account of the Aztec Religion 
www.ancientmexico.com/articles/index.html


 DEFENDERS OF THE BLACK HILLS
A coalition dedicated to stopping the destruction of the Black Hills
www.defendblackhills.org/defenders/

Advisory instance of Bolivia.
A example of an agreement between Bolivia's Indigenous peoples and Government (video)  
www.fondoindigena.org/

Iroquois Creation Myth, 1816 
www.historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6375/

The Dutch Arrive on Manhattan Island: An Indian Perspective 
www.historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5829/

Kennewick Man Virtual Interpretive Center
An archive of articles, along with links to other resources about this hotly contested topic."

www.kennewick-man.com/

PBS NOVA - Mystery of the First Americans
The discovery and ensuing controversy over the Kennewick Man.

www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/first/

Seattle's Museum of History and Industry
Over a million photos, oral history interviews, and an audio/video archive. 
   
www.seattlehistory.org/

Wisconsin Pioneer Experience: A Digital Collection of Original Sources
Documenting 19th Century Wisconsin History
http://libtext.library.wisc.edu/wipionexp/

A History of Native Nevadans Through Photography 
Over fifty historic images of the Native American population of Nevada.        http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us

Realms of the Sacred in Daily Life: Early Written Records of Mesoamerica
Annotated images of codices of the Mesoamerican region, created "prior to the arrival of European explorers in the late 15th century." 
www.lib.uci.edu/libraries/exhibits/meso/sacred.html

California as I Saw It
First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cbhtml/cbhome.html

Native American Religion in Early America 
From the National Humanities Center
www.nhc.rtp.nc.us:8080/t

“A Severe and Proud Dame She Was”
 Mary Rowlandson Lives Among the Indians, 1675 
www.historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5793/

  National American Indian Heritage Month
      "To promote awareness of and appreciation for the history       
and culture of American Indians during National America   Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month." From the National Park Service Service. 
     
www.cr.nps.gov/nr/feature/indian/

Agayuliyararput - Our Way of Making Prayer
The Living Tradition of Yup'ik Masks 
www.conexus.si.edu/map/yupgal.htm

Reservation Controversies--Then and Now
Historic issues dealing with American Indian Reservations in the 1870s and also in the present
http://memory.loc.gov/l

Tropical Dreams: A People's History of South Florida 
Experience 10,000 years of South Florida history through the museum's storyline exhibition
www.historical-museum.org/exhibits/td/trpdream.htm

Arkansas Chapter of the Trail of Tears
This catastrophic journey, one of the darker events in American history
www.anpa.ualr.edu/arkansastrailoftears.htm

First Person Narratives of the America South
Collection of sources on Southern history, including written accounts of Indian tribes, their cultures, medicines, foods, and more.
http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/fpn.html

The Dakota Conflict Trials, 1862
The execution of 38 Sioux at Mankato, Minnesota on December 26, 1862.
www.law.umkc.eduml

The First American West: The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820 
15,000 pages of original historical material documenting the land, peoples, exploration, and transformation 
http://memory.loc.gov/

Dancing with Photons 
Leading nuclear scientist and Navajo native, Dr. Fred Begay blends the experiences of two seemingly contrary beliefs—traditional Navajo world order and logically sound nuclear physics. 
www.mediarights.org/Ohio's Historic Indian Heritage,
By the Ohio Historical Society
www.ohiokids.org/cgi-bin/go.cgi

Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices
Traditional knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world.
www.biodiv.org/socio-eco/traditional/

 Oglala Commemoration 2001
On June 26, 2001, people from many Nations gather at the Jumping Bull compound, to remember and pray for healing. Experience the happenings from Native American Radio.
www.differentdrums.com/thisweek.html 

Written June 20, 1676
The First Thanksgiving Proclamation 
www.law.ou.edu/hist/thanksgiv.html

Treaty with the Wyandot ETC. 1815 
Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Treaty with the Wyandot 1815http://digital.library.okstate.edu

"Ipani Eskimos: A Cycle of Life in Nature" by James K. Wells. Download it free, at 
Alaskool 
www.alaskool.org
Red Lake Museum: Welcome Center 
Ojibwe artist Norval Morrisseau and Aboriginal History are featured at this Canadian site.
www.red-lake.com/museum/

Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842, 
More than 1,000 documents and images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States.
http://pluto.gsu.edu/

Artifacts B.C. 
Recommended by British Columbia Education
www.artifacts.gov.bc.ca/

Native Expressions
From the National Parks Conservation Association, take a journey through time and introduce yourself to centuries of wisdom.  
www.npca.org/

Ancient Mounds in Iowa
Over 2,500 years ago Indian peoples in Iowa and throughout North America began to bury their dead beneath earthen mounds. This custom continued for more than 1,500 years.
www.uiowa.edu/~

Lost Cities
Visit Machu Picchu, Mesa Verde, and Tiahuanaco, ancient and mysterious cities built by pre-Columbian Natives. Or were they?
http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/lostcity.htm 

Treaty Site History Center
Traverse Des Sioux, a well known Indian fording place on the Minnesota River
http://emuseum.mankato.msus.edu

Cheyenne participants in the battle of the Little Big Horn
Person-by-person account of what happened on that day
www.montana.edu/wwwfpcc/tribes/cheyenne.html 

Colonial Williamsburg Lesson Plan: The Trial of Abigail Briggs
Abigal Briggs...the 18th century murder trial of a Indian servant.
www.history.org/other/teaching/briggs.htm

 Native ranching and rodeo life on Plains and Plateau
The relationship between Native cowboys, ranchers, and rodeo participants and the horse, dog, buffalo, coyote and deer. 
www.civilization.ca/membrs/fph/rodeo/rodeo02e.html 

Geology of Pipestone National Monument
The story, of this stone and the pipes made from it spans four centuries of Plains Indian life. 
www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/parks/pipe/index.htm

The History of Mesomerica-Mexico for kids~
Around 1200 BC, the Olmecs formed the first large Mesoamerican culture.
http://explora.presidencia.gob.mx/p

*The Digital Atlas of Native American Intellectual traditions
A space for conversation and collaboration that shares, explores, and visualizes Native-authored library and archival collections. 
http://danait.wordpress.amherst.edu/

**Battlefields of the Pequot War
The Battle of Mistick Fort and resulting “Mystic Massacre” is one of the most critical events in early American history 
http://pequotwar.org/

**How Do I Trace my Native Ancestry?
By Kerry Steiner, American Indian Center of Indiana
http://www.americanindiancenter.org

Tecumseh and Brock and the War of 1812
WAtch the presentation by James Laxer
https://www.youtube.com/

 

The American Yawp
A free and online, collaboratively built American history textbook
http://www.americanyawp.com/

**Sacred in the City
The Huron Indian cemetery and the preservation laws
http://papers.ssrn.com/

**Women's Traditional Songs
Sung in Anishinaabemowin

http://ojibwe.net/songs/womens-traditional/

Men's Traditional Songs
Sung in Anishinaabemowin

http://ojibwe.net/songs/womens-traditional/

**Traditional Healing for the 21st Century
A video from the Smithsonian Museum of Natural history
https://www.youtube.com/

An Eyewitness Account of the Green Corn Festival
An early 1700s account of the Upper Creek (GA) festival.
http://peopleofonefire.com/

**Thanksgiving Interactive: You Are The Historian
What really happened at the First Thanksgiving? Become a history detective and find out!
www.plimoth.org/

**Test your Knowledge of Native American Heritage Month!
How well do you know Native American history?
www.surveygizmo.com/

**The Gifts of the Seven Grandfathers
Listen and learn about the traditional Seven Grandfather Teachings in the Anishinaabeg language
www.umich.edu

**NativeReligion.org
Explores the intersection between law, religion, and Native American traditions in historic and recent cases.
www.nativereligion.org/

*Borderlines/Borderlands Culture and the Canadian- U.S. International Boundary
Videos from the Library of Congress
Part 1
www.loc.gov/t
Part 2: www.loc.gov
Part 3 www.loc.gov/t

**National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation
www.nathpo.org/index.html

**Oral Traditions
Explore the interconnections of story and dance in the Tlingit culture.
www.echospace.org/articles/127/sections/193

**Wounded Knee
From "We Shall Remain", the acclaimed 2009 PBS series
View online:
www.pbs.org/
Transcript: www.pbs.org/

**Shadows and Reflections: Florida's Lost People    
Location: Florida  
www.archaeologychannel.org/

**Nigliq: Site of an Ancient Trade Fair
Visit the site of the historic trade fair on the North Slope of Alaska
www.echospace.org/articles/355/sections/929

*Tunniit - Retracinig the Lines of Inuit Tattoos
A young woman is on a journey to revive the ancient Inuit tradition of face tattooing
www.unikkaat.com/

**Mutual Infatuation: Rosebud Sioux and Cincinnatians
In the late 1800's Cincinnatians loved Indians, and Indians loved Cincinnati.

http://library.cincymuseum.org/

**Ancestors Unknown
Provides educators with access to a unique curriculum that introduces students to untold histories and family history research
www.ancestors-unknown.org/

**Thanksgiving Virtual Field trip
From Plimoth Plantation
www.plimoth.org/


DOJ-DOI Native American Traditional Justice Practices Report
Native American Traditional justice practices and the Federal Efforts needed to support them.
https://turtletalk.files.wordpress.com/

**Oldest Native American Drumming Video
The earliest known footage of Native American drumming taken in 1894.
 http://tv.powwows.com/

**Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers
Search more than 226,000 pages of public-domain newspapers
www.loc.gov/chroniclingamerica/

**Trade in precontact Alaska
Students spend two day traveling throughout Alaska, trading as they go.
www.echospace.org/articles/89/sections/119

**Ancient Observatories
Features exhibitions on Chaco Canyon and Chichén Itzá,
www.exploratorium.edu/ancientobs/

**The Worst Jobs in History
Take a quiz and discover the worst British jobs during the last 2,000 years.
 
www.channel4.com/history/microsites/W/worstjobs/

**Camping with the Sioux
In 1881, Alice Fletcher traveled to Dakota Territory to live with Sioux women.
www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/fletcher/

**The Ancient Americas
A ground-breaking exhibition takes you through 13,000 years of human ingenuity and achievement in the western hemisphere
www.fieldmuseum.org/

**The Oka Crisis
In the small town of Oka in 1990, Native people faced a showdown with Quebec police and the Canadian army.
http://archives.cbc.ca/war_conflict/civil_unrest/topics/99/

**The History of Potlatch and Native American Currency
An easy-to-read overview of Native American Potlachs with many supporting resources.
https://www.mint.com/


**Chaco research archive
Access to over a century of archaeological research in Chaco Canyon.
www.chacoarchive.org/cra/

*Pan Inuit Trails Atlas
Brings together centuries of cultural knowledge for the first time, showing that networks of trails over snow and sea ice.
http://paninuittrails.org/

*Native Skywatchers: Makoce Wicanhpi Wowapi
A D(L)akota Star Map with lakota vocabulary, audio, curriculum resources, and more.
http://web.stcloudstate.edu/

**Cherokee Slaveholders and Radical Abolitionists
And unlikely alliance in Antebellum America
www.common-place.org/vol-10/no-04/joy/

*Indian Mounds of Mississippi
A compact source of information on these impressive landmarks of the ancient past
www.cr.nps.gov/

*Creek Council House Museum
Collects, preserves and interprets the Muscogee Creek Nation and other Native American peoples
www.creekcouncilhouse.com/

**Explore Pre-Clovis Sites
Were people in North America long before the “first Americans”? Investigate the evidence using this interactive map.
http://edu.americangraduate.org/

**Mohawk Skywalkers
The fearless builders of skyscrapers and bridges
www.youtube.com/

**The Ancient OHIO Trail
A driving route and activities about Ohio's four major earthworks (and 50 more!)
http://ancientohiotrail.org

**Bicentennial of the War of 1812
Canada would not exist had the American invasion of 1812-14 been successful.
http://1812.gc.ca

**Repatriation and Culturally Sensitive Collections
A Smithsonian.TV discussion about repatriation issues in managing museum collections,
http://smithsonian.tv/

**Ishi, the Last Yahi
View (for free) this widely acclaimed film about one of the most extraordinary and important stories in American history.
www.snagfilms.com/

**Pipestone, Minnesota
Reflects a rich history of American Indian quarrying and land still sacred to American Indians.
www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/pipestone/

*President Kennedy and the National Congress of American Indians at the White House.
Video from 1963
www.f1movies.com

**The Prehistoric Mounds of Uruguay: Linking the Past and the Future
Online video: On the wetlands of Rocha, declared by UNESCO as one of the most diverse environments on Earth, mound-building people thrived 4000 years ago.
www.archaeologychannel.org/\

**indigenous Motivations
Quotes about Tradition from the NMAI
www.nmai.si.edu*

*Native Americans of South Dakota
A History in Pictures
www.guardian.co.uk

**Indigenous Identity, Artistic Agency, and the Heraldic Imagination in Early Colonial Mexico
Monica Dominguez Torres speaking at the Library of Congress
www.loc.gov/t

**Yaxuná: Archaeology of an Ancient Maya City    
Online video: More than 1000 years ago Maya people from t Cobá built a 60-mile stone causeway to Yaxuná before war destroyed the culture. 
www.archaeologychannel.org/

**Ice Age Discoveries: New Evidence    
Online video: Recent excavations at Virginia sites provided new evidence s about when people ventured into the Americas.
www.archaeologychannel.org/c*

*National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation
www.nathpo.org/mainpage.html

* * Ancient Fires at Cliff Palace Pond  
Online video: Land use patterns of the First Americans along the western edge of the Appalachian Mountains.

www.archaeologychannel.org/

** Exploring the Early Americas
From the Library of Congress
http://myloc.gov/exhibitions/

**The Inter-Tribal Sacred Land Trust
Working to protect sacred sites throughout the southeastern United  States,
www.itslt.org

**First Nations Histories
A bit of history from many tribes
www.tolatsga.org/Compacts.html

**Chief Big Foot Memorial Tide
Slideshow of the events from Indian Country Today
www.indiancountry.com/memorial_ride.cfm

**Traditional Knowledge Bulletin
Traditional Knowledge Policy Analysis and Information Service
www.unu.edu/tk/

**Mystery Hill: America's Stonehenge
Pottery fragments from 1000 BC, charcoal dating to 4000 BC...who built these walls, cave-like buildings, and tunnels 40 miles from Boston? No one knows.
http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/mysthill.htm

**Money Substitutes in New Netherland and Early New York
Wampum rates used in general trade
www.coins.nd.edu/C

**Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842
Contains nearly 2,000 documents and images about Native American populations of the Southeastern US
http://neptune3.galib.uga.edu/

A New Map of the Cherokee Nation
A 1770 map in the Yale archives
www.library.yale.edu/MapColl/amer.html

**Wyoming's Native People
From the Wyoming Archives
http://wyld.state.wy.us/

**The People of Whaling
Photo slideshow of the Inupiaq passing on their whaling traditions to youth
www.north-slope.org/IHCSite/PoW/index.html

Adventures in the Past: Discovering the Public Lands' Archaeological. Historic, and Fossil Heritage  
Features an interactive map with links to material 
www.blm.gov/heritage/adventures/

The History of the Cigar Store Indian
Podcast by a Hopi tribal member
Pt 1:
www.archive.org/
Pt. 2:
www.archive.org/
**
Passing on Traditional Knowledge
The importance of maintaining traditional knowledge has not changed
www.ed.psu.edu/i
**
Intergenerational Activities from a Native American Perspectives
Brings generations together to strengthen and support cultural learning
http://intergenerational.cas.psu.edu

**
The Oka Crisis
Videos and lessons about the Oka showdown between Native people, Quebec police and eventually the Canadian Army
http://archives.cbc.ca/IDD-1-71-99/conflict_war/oka/

**
ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE NATIVE PEOPLES OF TENNESSEE
http://mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/

A Smithsonian TV: curator's talk with Paul Chaat Smith
http://smithsonian.tv/

** Our Universe: Traditional Knowledge Shapes our World
A Smithsonian TV: discussion with an NMAI curator, Emil Her Many Horses, about this exhibit .
http://smithsonian.tv/

** Legacy
Maudie Shaw, Paiute, discusses how changes in her people's way of life have whittled away what can be passed on to the next generation.
http://learner.org/redirect/november/rural47.htm

** Bridging World History
Includes civilizations of the Americas -- Mississippian, Anasazi, Mayan, Incan
http://learner.org/redirect/november/wldhist45.html

** Historical Change
New Mexico students whose first language is Keres are offered history through books, language, and a timeline
http://learner.org/redirect/november/sslib50.html

**Día de los Muertos
This Day of the Dead information on the popular Mexican holiday celebrated on November 2.
www.azcentral.com/ent/dead/

**The Jay I. Kislak Collection at the Library of Congress
Focuses on the early Americas    through the period of European contact, exploration, and
   settlement.
 
www.loc.gov/exhibits/kislak/kislak-home.html

*Unearthing Tse-whit-zen
An extraordinary interactive website exploring the ancient Klallam village of Tse-whit-zen.
http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/l

Indians at the Centennial
Passamaquoddy Indians on public display during Maine's centennial.
www.mainememory.net/home.shtml

*Traditions of the Sun: Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Interactive areas, timelines, video clips, and more
www.traditionsofthesun.org/

*Step Into History
Browse by state to find places where you can see life as it was.
www.stepintohistory.com/

*THE TIME BEFORE THE PEOPLE...or so many would have us believe
to 12,001 B.C.
www.telusplanet.net/

*Traditions of the Sun
An videos, interactive views, and more from of all areas of Chaco Canyon
www.traditionsofthesun.org/

**America's Stone Age Explorers
Unearthing sites that potential double the time frame people have been in the Western Hemisphere.
www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/stoneage/

*Before Clovis
In this interactive map, investigate 28 possible pre-Clovis sites found throughout North America
www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/stoneage/clov-flash.html

*Lost King of the Maya
The early history of of Copán, a Classic Maya site   in northern Honduras.
www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/maya/

*First Nations Histories
Geographic histories of tribes east of the Mississippi River
www.tolatsga.org/Compacts.html

*A Trail of Tears
"Chief Little John and the "Trail of Tears""
www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/nation/tears_1

Voices of Civil Rights -
The world's largest archive of firsthand accounts and personal memories of the civil rights movement in America.
www.voicesofcivilrights.org


Central America: Legacies of Rebellion
Audio and links to related material about  Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution, El Salvador, Honduras, and  Costa Rica
www.bbc.co.uk/

* Travels in America, 1750-1920" 
253 narratives describing travels in the colonies and the U.S
http://memory.loc.gov/
The Order of the Indian Wars
An organization dedicated to protecting the sites of historical Indian wars.
www.indianwars.com/

*The United States and Brazil: Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures
Explores the history of Brazil, interactions between Brazil and the United States from the 18th century to the present
http://international.loc.gov/intldl/brhtml/


*
The First Official Memorial Day
In 1868, Commander in Chief John A. Logan designated May 30 as a memorial day.
www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/recon/memorial_1

North Dakota State Archives and Historical Research Library
Information major historic sites in and a history and chronology of the state
 
www.state.nd.us/hist/

*
"How my tribe’s history guides my life."
Read the high school student essays in this contest.
www.americanindian.net/contestwinner.html

ln the Light of Reverance
A film about three Native American communities and their struggles to protect their sacred sit 
www.teachingforchange.org/

Lighting the 7th fire
A film about a Chippewa prophecy which speaks of seven fires representing seven periods of time. 
www.teachingforchange.org/

Welcome to Oaxaca, Mexico
The  Day of the Dead
www.questconnect.org/

History
Secwepemc Pre-Contact Life, Tsimshian, Metis, and Fisheries in Canada
www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/
[Click "Kids" button] 

Inventions
Aborignial Innovations in Arts, Science, and Technology
www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/a
[Click "Kids" button] 

Lost City Museum
Built by the national Park Service to exhibit artifacts that were being excavated from the Pueblo Grande de Nevada. 
http://comnett.net/~kolson/

Koshare Museum
Pueblok Koshares are black-and-white striped characters who portray unacceptable behavior and provide entertainment while reinforcing community values.
www.koshare.org

/Honoring the Sky: Lakota Star Knowledge and Beliefs
the strong celestial connections Lakota people have maintained over many generations. 
www.dmns.org/honoring/honor_index.html 

Sacred Run
The Sacred Run was a living tradition among Native people. 
www.virtualmuseum.ca/E

The  Iroquois Constitution
www.law.ou.edu/hist/iroquois.html

A Little Bit of Blood (Un tantito de sangre nada mas)
Zapotec women from Oaxaca discuss the cultural emphasis on virginity, a Tehuantepec prenuptial tradition.
www.mediarights.org/search/fil_detail.php?fil_id=05445 

Ndee: The Children of Changing Woman 
A virtual e xhibit from Harvard Created by Ernestine Cody
www.peabody.harvard.edu/maria/Cwoman.html


A puritan and his Indian ward
A 1916 journal report about relationships between the Puritans and the Indians
http://dinsdoc.com/sears-1.htm

Secrets of a Lost World
The excavation of over 2,000 mummies at the pre-Hispanic site known as Puruchuco-Huaquerones, located in Peru. 
http://crater.nationalgeographic.com/inca/

Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties
U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970.
http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/

History of a Buffalo Hunter
Describes an 1877 horseback excursion that continued “until they had killed enough buffaloes to fill fifty carts with the meat.” 
http://memory.loc.gov/c

Interview about Oklahoma
Audio description of violence between whites and Native Americans in the years before stateho0d. 
http://memory.loc.gov/

People of the West
Men and women whose have shaped the west, including Black Kettle, Sacagawea, and Popé, and many other great native leaders. 
www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/ 

Historic Forts  
A global educational geocaching adventure
www.geocaching.com

Robert Dunlap Clarke: Bozeman Trail Diarist
Brief diary entries from U.S. Army paymaster at Forts Phil Kearny, Fetterman, Reno and C. F. Smith
http://uwadmnweb.uwyo.edu/AHC/digital/clarke/ 

Traders: Voices from the Trading Post 
Interviews with and slide shows of traders and trading posts from 1860-1999. Also interviews about livestock, weaving, jewelry, pinon nuts, medicine men, and more. 
www.nau.edu/library/speccoll/exhibits/traders/ 

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Legend and overview of the hunting practice that sent hundreds of buffalo jumping to their death.
www.ucalgary.ca

Indian Map of Ohio River Country
Drawn by "Chegeree (the Indian), this 1755 shows Indian settlements in the area from Lake Erie to the mouth of the Ohio river in the middle of the eighteenth century. 
www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trr013.html

To the West
An exhibit from the American Treasures of the Library of Congress
www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/tr11b.html 

Battle of Little Big Horn
A letter and map from Lieutenant Robert Patterson Hughes to his wife about the Battle of Little Big Horn.
www.loc.gov/e

Fort Ancient features 18,000 feet of earthen walls built 2,000 years ago.
www.ohiohistory.org/places/ftancien/

Arctic Cyber Anthropology 
http://home.worldonline.dk/~nbc/

A directory of links on the "19th Century America west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
http://homepages.dsu.edu/

Comparative Costs: 19th Century & Today 
Calculate the today's value of money during treaty offers.
http://i.bigchalk.com/U/8-020906/&Userid

Gold of El Dorado
Before European Invasion, Columbia used gold for many things, and even traded it for salt! 
www.humanities-interactive.org/newworld/eldorado/index.html

Unknown Mexico
In the Sierra Madres, mysterious underground tombs tell of ancient civilizations shrouded in secrecy.
www.humanities-interactive.org/unknown/index.html

Lewis and Clark Web Site
From the Montana Historical Society
www.discoveringmontana.com/

Historical Text Archive
http://historicaltextarchive.com/links.php

Journey to New Worlds: Exploration of Space and Hawaiian Voyaging
Compare ancient Polynesian voyagers with today's modern astronauts in this interactive journey.
www.thinkquest.org/

NATIONAL ARCHEOLOGICAL DATABASE
Communications network for the archeological and historic preservation community--
www.cast.uark.edu/other/nps/nadb/

Collapse...Why Do Civilizations fall?
The history of humankind has been marked by patterns of growth and decline.
www.learner.org/exhibits/collapse/

At Home on the French Frontier
Native Americans in Illinois...1700-1800
http://museum.state.il.us/

First Nations Histories
Click on a tribe name for some general information.
www.tolatsga.org/Compacts.html

AmDocs: Documents for the Study of American History
A directory of primary documents from 1492-today available on the Web. Includes documents from Columbus, the Iroquois Constitution, the Greenville Treaty, Chief Seattle's speech, and more.
www.ukans.edu/carrie/docs/amdocs_index.html

The Lost Gold of Devil's Tower
Fact or Fiction? Legend tells of a cavern filled with gold.
http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/dtgold.htm

Timucuan Ecological and Historical Preserve
Ecologically-valuable salt marshes and historically-significant cultural artifacts are on display at Florida's Timucuan Preserve. Video format :-) 
http://pbs-afg.virage.com/

CELEBRATING LIFE: THANKSGIVING 
The Hopi Elders tell us that "Hopi believe all life on our earth lives and goes by life cycles; 
www.timesoft.com/hopi/spiritual/thankgiv.htm

Map of Turtle Island About 1500 AD
Native North Americans and where they lived.
http://rosecity.net/tears/trail/turtle.html

The Canadian West
How did Westward expansion play out in what is now the Canadian provinces. and how did it impact the future of the land and the peoples living there?
www.archives.ca/05/0529/052901_e.html

 Heritage Preservation 
Heritage Preservation, Inc. in partnership with the Institute of Museum and Library Services and with major funding from the Getty Grant Program will assess the condition of collections in the nation's museums, libraries, archives, and historical societies every four years.
www.heritagepreservation.org

Moundville - The Fall of Society
When the explorer Hernando de Soto traveled through the Alabama area, the Moundville Indians were gone, the reason is still uncertain. Video format :-) 
http://pbs-afg.virage.com/

Archaeology in Nova Scotia 
Archaeology sites beginning with precontact 11000B.C.
http://museum.gov.ns.ca/arch/sites.htm

Idaho's Wild Rivers - The Salmon
The Salmon River is steeped in human history, from Native Americans to Lewis and Clark to early settlers. Video format :-) 
http://pbs-afg.virage.com/ 

On This Date in North American Indian 
One of the most popular American Indian sites on the web
http://members.tripod.com/~PHILKON

Caribou Crossing
To the Gwich’in people of Alaska and Canada, life is impossible to imagine life without caribou 
www.nationalgeographic.com/

Compact History
When complete these Histories will encompass approximately 240 tribal histories (contact to 1900).
www.dickshovel.com/up.html

inuksuks
Inuit families sometimes built stone piles, often in the shape of humans with outstretched arms.
www.histori.ca/

Tahtonka: the Plains Indians and their Buffalo Culture
This video covers three hundred years of Plains Indians history from the pre-horse period through the tragedy at Wounded Knee in 1890. It features Ben Black Elk, son of the revered Holy Man of Black Elk Speaks.
www.mediarights.org/

The Trial of Standing Bear 
 In the saga of our struggle for basic Native American rights, this decision still holds significance 
www.mediarights.org/s

A simple and unbiased database representing great prayers of all cultures
and traditions."
www.worldprayers.org/

history wired
A virtual tour of selected objects from the vast collections of the National Museum of American History 
http://historywired.si.edu/index.html

La Ofrenda: The Days of the Dead 
In Mexico, the first days of November are the time when the souls of the dead come to visit the living
www.mediarights.org

Louis Riel
 300 Métis, led by Riel, clashed with the North West Mounted Police, touchinging off the Northwest Rebellion. 
www.histori.ca/h

"Peacemaker"
Features Gordon Tootoosis online.
www.histori.ca/


Native American Heritage Initiative 
Working to address civil rights and heritage issues related to the indigenous peoples of the North America. 
http://ndnrights.org/nahi/

Learn about the People who met Columbus
Haiti: Overview Paper on Taino Arawaks
www.webster.edu/

Chile's Mummies
Chile's Ancient Mummies...preserved for over 7.000 years
 
www.mc.maricopa.edu/

Lonely Planet - Mexican pre-colonial history 
Ancient Mexican civilization was nearly 3,000 years old when Europeans invaded.
www.lonelyplanet.com

MAYA! 
An interactive lesson on Native mathematics and culture
www.niti.org/mayan/ 

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