**NATIVE AMERICAN GHOST DANCE
Taken in 1894, watch the oldest known footage of Native American drumming
and Ghost Dance
**The Ancient of White Race Described by
Tribes across North America have legends and stories of giant white men
who inhabited these lands.
/**THE SCIENCE BEHIND SMUDGING: WHAT REALLY HAPPENS WHEN WE BURN SAGE
Smudging, which dates back to prehistoric times, and still used today for
cleansing everything from dwellings to human spirits.
*Navajo Early Morning Blessing
"Hooghan" from the album Sacred Mountains by Louie Gonnie courtesy Canyon
Day of the Dead: Build Your Own Altar
Instead of grieving, Latin and Mexican Americans choose to commemorate
the lives of the dearly departed and welcome the return of their spirits.
**"Egyptian" Slaves and Bond Servants in
South Carolina’s slave codes contained three classes of slaves – Native
Americans, Africans and Egyptians.
**In the Light of Reverence
A beautifully rendered account of the struggles of the Lakota in the
Black Hills, the Hopi in Arizona and the Wintu in California to protect their
Learn about the 12,000 year span of human history of the Great Lakes,
including the 12 contemporary nations.
Native American Shamanism
**The First Americans
.Radio-carbon dating reveals that the earliest humans arrived in the Americas
much earlier than previously thought
The First Americans Come From?
When did this happen, and how can we confirm the date?
of Plants/Plant Parts by Federally Recognized Indian Tribes for Traditional
Indigenous Elders' statement to the National Park Service regarding their
proposed rule of gathering plants or plant parts in national parks
Sun Dagger Explorer
computer graphics model of the Sun Dagger site in Chaco Canyon, NM
TRADITIONAL PEACEMAKING: EXPLORING THE INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN TRIBAL COURTS AND
PEACEMAKING, INCLUDING ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION
Exploring the intersections between tribal courts and peacemaking, including
alternatives to detention.
for small museums and historic sites.
**1628: Across the Continent
Select a Region to find out what was happening across today's United States.
A celebration of music and origin from the World's Indigenous
Preach Chief Gordon Yellowman discusses traditional medicine
Document Showcase: American Indians in Colonial New York
From the New York State archives
**Making Slavery in New France: Indigenous
and Atlantic Histories
1660s and 1760s, the colonists of New France held thousands of American Indians
**Booming Out: Mohawk Ironworkers Build
An online exhibition from the NMAI
*Mapping Intergenerational Memories (Part I)
Contemporary Truth of the Indigenous Past
*Annual Lei Day Celebration
Information about this Hawaiian celebration that takes
place on May 1.
Counts, Their Pictographic Histories
**Oral History of the Dakota Tribes
As told to Col. A.B. Welch, the first white man adopted by the Sioux
Skywatchers: Ojibwe Giizhig Anung Masinaaigan
An Ojibwe Star Map with ojibwe vocabulary, audio, curriculum resources, and
Michigan Odawa History Project
The Myth of Pocahontas
from NOVA introduces the popular story of how Native American princess
Pocahontas rescued colonist John Smith.
From the Library of Congress: Discover historical perspectives about
Thanksgiving traditions beginning with the Mayflower's pilgrims .
We are the Music
Explore the 700-year history of Santa Fe, New Mexico through the music and dance
of 11 cultural groups.
Museum and Curatorial Studies Review
A peer reviewed journal.
An interactive site filled with activities.
*The New Echota Traditional Cultural
New Echota depicts
the history of the Cherokee Nation and the meaning of New Echota.
**Early California Population Project
An amazing wealth
of information available about California's early Indian tribes.
Did scientists find Xibalba
-- the underworld "place of fear" in Mayan mythology?
**Indian Sacred Sites
Prepared by the USDA Office of Tribal Relations and USDA Forest Service
***Mysteries of the Mounds
Almost 1000 years ago, Georgia's Ocmulgee became one of the first large
ceremonial centers of an ancient civilization.
*America's History in the Making
America and the early contacts between Europeans, Native Americans, and
**They Were Here: Ice Age Humans
in South Carolina
**Teotihuacan, City of Gods
complete exhibition ever gathered about Teotihuacan culture
Canada, US and Mexico Tribal
yourself in the Heartland of Ancient America.
**Machu Picchu Revealed
Online video: Tour
Machu Picchu, aUNESCO World Heritage Site, an learn about the great Andean
A Coming of Age Ritual in
**Ghosts of the Mountains
** People of the Whale, Part 1
Often called the "Pompeii of the Northwest," the Ozette Site yielded the perfectly preserved remains of a pre-contact Makah village
beneath a series of mudslides.
peoples of the eastern Peruvian rainforest are adapting their ancient traditions
to the modern world.
**Preserving Metis History
Lesson plans from CBC
**Texas Beyond History
13,500 years of
human history in Texas
**In Vivid Color: Voices from Shiloh's
Archaeologists in Tennessee unearthed the architecture of a Mississippian
platform mound built a thousand years ago.
*We Do Not Know His Name:
Klatsassin and the Chilcotin War
the truth behind this Canadian mystery?
**Native American Tribal Historic
responsible through State Historic Preservation Officers for their tribal land
**The Raid on Deertown
The many stories
of the ocean-going cedar dugout canoes and their traditions.
gallery of where the “cloud warriors” of ancient Peru once lived.
**Moundville: Journey Through
Gallica - Bureau of American
information from 1881-1933 about American Indian tribes, issues or
The 1850 Indian Slavery
An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians in
**Body Modification Ancient and Modern
piercing, tattooing, and body painting and its relationships to Native cultures.
Tribal Journeys: Native American
and First Nations Canoe Journeys of the Pacific NW
Features segments & interviews by the Tulalip Youth Radio Club
**OGLALA LAKOTAH ORAL
HISTORY OF DEC 29, 1890
WOUNDED KNEE MASSACRE
**Mystery of the Tattooed Mummy
An ornately tattooed 1,600-year-old mummy unearthed in Peru could be a
warrior queen of the violent Moche people.
Photographs from book: Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas
and Yucatan (1841)
**THE MEDICINE WHEEL
Video clip of an emotional story of First Nations
spirituality told in the first person
Thousands of maps
spanning the known world
North America Before 1500 AD
North America After 1500 AD
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail
commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people
**Historical Overview of the Relationship
between the Federal Government and American Indians
Marks the 400th
anniversary of the founding of the first permanent English settlement in America
**Forty-Seven Cents An Acre
A lesson plan
where students stage a mock trial of the American-Indian Movement members who
conducted the Alcatraz occupation.
**Traditions of the Sun
Americas' ancient observatories.
**A Tale Told by Ancient Bones
A Flash story
about Kennewick Man
**Ancient Observatories Gallery
Amazing! Easy to
use compilation of ancient ruins and other locations observed from space
A Native American Scoops Lewis And Clark
The voyage of
Discovered in Chile, the oldest mummies ever found.
Archive of Early American
A database of pictures of the colonial Americas printed or
created between 1492 -1825
**The Wounded Knee Museum
A new interactive website to explore and learn more about
the Wounded Knee massacre.
Guns, Germs and Steel
Traces humanity's journey over the last 13,000 years"
with a focus on understanding "the roots of global inequality."
Raid on Deerfield: The
Many Stories of 1704
Interactive website offers a complex narrative of the
well-known raid on the Massachusetts town which in February, 1704
knowledge of the Inuit
An introduction to Inuit classification system for life
and some Inuit legends.
The West before white settlement
Lines of Peru
An alien airport, ancient observatory...what do these 37
miles of straight lines mean? Learn more, then draw your own landscape figure!
Early Accounts of Early American Exploration and
The Anasazi Emergence into the CyberWorld
A wealth of historical photographs, oral histories, moving
images, documents, and other materials.
* Mapping Our Land
A Guide to Making Your Own Maps of Communities and
Nevada History in Maps
A collection of dozens of historic maps
including imaps representing Native American settlements or culture.
Ways: Promoting Subsistence Living and Health Lifestyles in Alaskan Villages
Students, teachers and Yup'ik eldersare working to bring
back subsistence living skills..
Museum Collections at Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Artifacts from the Chaco Canyon, an area of the Colorado
Plateau occupied by Native Americans for over 10,000 years.
A Pacific Odyssey
Build a sailing canoes & follow the stars on a
2,000-mile Polynesian voyage across the ocean.
Records of the Colony of Connecticut 1636-1776
Sn initiative of the University of Connecticut Libraries
and supported by the Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center.
America on the Move
From the Smithsonian, interconnected routes exploring how
transportation has affected our world.
Rumsey Historical Map Collection
Browse through atlases, globes, school geographies,
maritime charts and more on 18th and 19th century North and South American cartographic materials
Indigenous Weather Knowledge
Australia's Bureau of Meteorology is gathering knowledge
Indigenous Australians long held their seasonal calendars.
You Are the
Historian: Investigating the First Thanksgiving
*Lewis & Clark: The
National Bicentennial Exhibition
Museum of Natural History Online Field Journal
Resources "for historic preservation, building
restoration and cultural resource
management in the United States and Canada.
an Old Story in a New Way
Focuses on the 1704 raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts,
Nez Perce Nee-Me-Poo National Historic Trail
The 1877 flight of the Nez Perce from their homelands is
one of the most f sorrowful events in Western U.S. history.
The Cherokee Trail of Tears
Voices from the Western Front
An AMAZING website of press clippings and other writings
saved by a farsighted Lakota family.
North Dakota State
Archives and Historical Research Librar
Information major historic sites in and a history and
chronology of the state
The Day You Were Born
Public History Resource
Learn about what exactly constitutes public history
Library Windows on the
A single place to search and browse significant,
historical, digital collections cr
On Thanksgiving Day, many Native Americans and their
supporters gather at the top of Coles Hill, overlooking Plymouth Rock, for the "National Day of
World Mapping Center
Promotes cartography and geographic information science as
essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies."
LOS DIAS DE LOS MUERTOS
(The Days of the Dead)
In the language of the day, All Saints Day and All Souls' Day were known as All-hallowsmas, and October 31 was "All
Hallowed's Eve" or Hallow'e'en.
Day of the Dead
From mid-October through the first week of November,
Mexicans celebrate The Dia de Muertos (Day of theDead)
Learn about the History and evolution of the race concept
Survival: A Pine Ridge Example
by Desiree Renee Martinez, Gabrielino (Tongva)
Law in Mexico Before the Conquest
Explores Aztec and Mayan law through images
an brief overviews of topics such as warfare, attorneys, family law, and more
Myths, Thanksgiving Realities
A commentary by Mahtowin Monroe and Moonanum James on why
Thanksgiving is a day or mourning for them.
An article by Shawn Desjarlais about revitalizing
traditional educational practices
Indian Christmas Prayer
THE WHITE BUFFALO
A wonderful article about the Sacred White Buffalo and
American history through children's voices.
A Native youth activist tells how he's helping other
Native youth break the non-native mindset.
of America Foundation
Collects, organizes, distributes and maintains the largest
and most inclusive electronic database on the history of the peopling of the United States.
Celebrates Ohio History
Portrays Large Chunks of History quickly through animated
AZTEC RELIGION AND
An Indian account of the Aztec Religion
DEFENDERS OF THE
A coalition dedicated to stopping the destruction of the
instance of Bolivia.
A example of an agreement between Bolivia's Indigenous
peoples and Government (video)
Creation Myth, 1816
Arrive on Manhattan Island: An Indian Perspective
Kennewick Man Virtual
An archive of articles, along with links to other
resources about this hotly contested topic."
PBS NOVA - Mystery of the
The discovery and ensuing controversy over the Kennewick
Seattle's Museum of
History and Industry
Over a million photos, oral history interviews, and
an audio/video archive.
Pioneer Experience: A Digital
of Original Sources
Documenting 19th Century Wisconsin History
A History of Native
Nevadans Through Photography
Over fifty historic images of the Native American
population of Nevada.
Realms of the Sacred in
Daily Life: Early
Records of Mesoamerica
Annotated images of codices of the Mesoamerican region,
created "prior to the arrival of European explorers in the late 15th century."
as I Saw It
First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years,
Native American Religion
in Early America
From the National Humanities Center
“A Severe and Proud Dame
Mary Rowlandson Lives Among the Indians, 1675
American Indian Heritage Month
"To promote awareness
of and appreciation for the history
and culture of American Indians during National America Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month." From
the National Park Service Service.
Agayuliyararput - Our Way
of Making Prayer
The Living Tradition of Yup'ik Masks
Controversies--Then and Now
Historic issues dealing with American Indian Reservations
in the 1870s and also in the present
Tropical Dreams: A People's History of South Florida
Experience 10,000 years of South Florida history through
the museum's storyline exhibition
Arkansas Chapter of the
Trail of Tears
This catastrophic journey, one of the darker events in
First Person Narratives of
the America South
Collection of sources on Southern history, including
written accounts of Indian tribes, their cultures, medicines, foods, and more.
The Dakota Conflict
The execution of 38 Sioux at Mankato, Minnesota on
December 26, 1862.
The First American West:
The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820
15,000 pages of original historical material documenting
the land, peoples, exploration, and transformation
Leading nuclear scientist and Navajo native, Dr. Fred
Begay blends the experiences of two seemingly contrary beliefs—traditional Navajo world order and logically sound
www.mediarights.org/Ohio's Historic Indian Heritage,
By the Ohio Historical
Knowledge, Innovations and Practices
Traditional knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations
and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world.
On June 26, 2001, people from many Nations gather at the
Jumping Bull compound, to remember and pray for healing. Experience the happenings from Native American Radio.
Written June 20, 1676
First Thanksgiving Proclamation
Treaty with the Wyandot
Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Treaty with the Wyandot 1815http://digital.library.okstate.edu
Eskimos: A Cycle of Life in Nature" by James K. Wells. Download it free, at
Red Lake Museum: Welcome Center
Ojibwe artist Norval Morrisseau and Aboriginal History are featured at this Canadian site.
Southeastern Native American Documents,
More than 1,000 documents and images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States.
Recommended by British Columbia Education
From the National Parks Conservation Association, take a journey through time and introduce yourself to centuries of
Ancient Mounds in Iowa
Over 2,500 years
ago Indian peoples in Iowa and throughout North America began to bury
their dead beneath earthen mounds. This custom continued for more than
Visit Machu Picchu, Mesa Verde, and Tiahuanaco, ancient and mysterious cities built by pre-Columbian Natives. Or were
Treaty Site History Center
Traverse Des Sioux, a well known Indian fording place on the Minnesota River
Cheyenne participants in the
battle of the Little Big Horn
Person-by-person account of what happened on that day
Colonial Williamsburg Lesson Plan: The Trial of Abigail Briggs
Abigal Briggs...the 18th century murder trial of a Indian servant.
Native ranching and rodeo life
on Plains and Plateau
The relationship between Native cowboys, ranchers, and rodeo participants and the horse, dog, buffalo, coyote and deer.
Geology of Pipestone National Monument
The story, of this stone and the pipes made from it spans four centuries of Plains Indian life.
The History of Mesomerica-Mexico
Around 1200 BC, the Olmecs formed the first large Mesoamerican culture.
*The Digital Atlas of Native American
A space for
conversation and collaboration that shares, explores, and visualizes
Native-authored library and archival collections.
**Battlefields of the Pequot War
The Battle of Mistick Fort and resulting “Mystic Massacre” is one of the most
critical events in early American history
**How Do I Trace my Native Ancestry?
By Kerry Steiner, American Indian Center of Indiana
Tecumseh and Brock and the War of 1812
WAtch the presentation by James Laxer
The American Yawp
A free and online, collaboratively built American history textbook
**Sacred in the City
The Huron Indian cemetery and the preservation laws
**Women's Traditional Songs
Sung in Anishinaabemowin
Men's Traditional Songs
Sung in Anishinaabemowin
**Traditional Healing for the 21st Century
A video from the Smithsonian Museum of Natural history
An Eyewitness Account of the Green Corn
An early 1700s account of the Upper Creek (GA) festival.
**Thanksgiving Interactive: You Are The Historian
What really happened at the First Thanksgiving? Become a history detective and
**Test your Knowledge of Native American Heritage Month!
How well do you know Native American history?
of the Seven Grandfathers
learn about the traditional Seven Grandfather Teachings in the Anishinaabeg
Explores the intersection between law, religion, and Native American traditions
in historic and recent cases.
*Borderlines/Borderlands Culture and the
U.S. International Boundary
Videos from the Library of Congress
Association of Tribal Historic Preservation
Explore the interconnections of story and dance in the Tlingit culture.
From "We Shall
Remain", the acclaimed 2009 PBS series
**Shadows and Reflections: Florida's Lost
**Nigliq: Site of an Ancient Trade Fair
Visit the site of the historic trade fair on the North Slope of Alaska
- Retracinig the Lines of Inuit Tattoos
woman is on a journey to revive the ancient Inuit tradition of face tattooing
Infatuation: Rosebud Sioux and Cincinnatians
In the late
1800's Cincinnatians loved Indians, and Indians loved Cincinnati.
Provides educators with access to a unique curriculum that introduces
students to untold histories and family history research
Virtual Field trip
From Plimoth Plantation
DOJ-DOI Native American Traditional
Native American Traditional justice practices and the Federal Efforts needed to
**Oldest Native American Drumming Video
The earliest known footage of Native American drumming taken in 1894.
**Chronicling America: Historic American
Search more than 226,000 pages of public-domain
Students spend two day traveling throughout Alaska, trading as they go.
Features exhibitions on Chaco Canyon and Chichén
**The Worst Jobs in History
Take a quiz and discover the worst British jobs during the last 2,000 years.
**Camping with the Sioux
In 1881, Alice
Fletcher traveled to Dakota Territory to live with Sioux women.
**The Ancient Americas
exhibition takes you through 13,000 years of human ingenuity and achievement in
the western hemisphere
**The Oka Crisis
In the small town of Oka in 1990, Native people faced a showdown with Quebec
police and the Canadian army.
**The History of Potlatch and Native American
An easy-to-read overview of Native American Potlachs with many supporting
**Chaco research archive
Access to over a century of archaeological research in Chaco Canyon.
*Pan Inuit Trails Atlas
together centuries of cultural knowledge for the first time, showing that
networks of trails over snow and sea ice.
*Native Skywatchers: Makoce Wicanhpi
A D(L)akota Star Map with lakota vocabulary, audio, curriculum resources, and
**Cherokee Slaveholders and Radical
And unlikely alliance in Antebellum America
*Indian Mounds of
A compact source of information on these impressive
landmarks of the ancient past
*Creek Council House Museum
preserves and interprets the Muscogee Creek Nation and other Native American
**Explore Pre-Clovis Sites
Were people in North America long before the “first Americans”? Investigate the
evidence using this interactive map.
builders of skyscrapers and bridges
**The Ancient OHIO Trail
route and activities about Ohio's four major earthworks (and 50 more!)
**Bicentennial of the War of 1812
not exist had the American invasion of 1812-14 been successful.
Culturally Sensitive Collections
A Smithsonian.TV discussion about repatriation issues in
managing museum collections,
**Ishi, the Last Yahi
View (for free) this widely acclaimed film about one of the most extraordinary
and important stories in American history.
Reflects a rich history of American Indian quarrying and
land still sacred to American Indians.
*President Kennedy and the National
Congress of American Indians at the
Video from 1963
**The Prehistoric Mounds of Uruguay:
Linking the Past and the Future
Online video: On
the wetlands of Rocha, declared by UNESCO as one of the most diverse
environments on Earth, mound-building people thrived 4000 years ago.
Quotes about Tradition from the NMAI
Americans of South Dakota
A History in Pictures
Identity, Artistic Agency, and the Heraldic Imagination in Early Colonial Mexico
Monica Dominguez Torres speaking at the Library of Congress
**Yaxuná: Archaeology of an Ancient Maya City
Online video: More
than 1000 years ago Maya people from t Cobá built a 60-mile stone causeway to
Yaxuná before war destroyed the culture.
**Ice Age Discoveries: New Evidence
Recent excavations at Virginia sites provided new evidence s about when people
ventured into the Americas.
*National Association of Tribal
* * Ancient Fires at Cliff Palace Pond
Online video: Land
use patterns of the First Americans along the western edge of the Appalachian
Exploring the Early Americas
From the Library of Congress
**The Inter-Tribal Sacred Land Trust
Working to protect sacred sites throughout the
southeastern United States,
**First Nations Histories
A bit of history from many
**Chief Big Foot Memorial Tide
Slideshow of the
events from Indian Country Today
**Traditional Knowledge Bulletin
Knowledge Policy Analysis and Information Service
**Mystery Hill: America's Stonehenge
Pottery fragments from 1000 BC, charcoal dating to 4000 BC...who built these walls, cave-like buildings, and tunnels 40
miles from Boston? No one knows.
**Money Substitutes in New Netherland
and Early New York
Wampum rates used in general trade
**Southeastern Native American Documents,
2,000 documents and images about Native American populations of the Southeastern
A New Map of the Cherokee Nation
A 1770 map in the
**The People of Whaling
Photo slideshow of
the Inupiaq passing on their whaling traditions to youth
Adventures in the Past: Discovering the
Public Lands' Archaeological. Historic, and Fossil Heritage
Features an interactive map with links to material
The History of the Cigar Store Indian
Podcast by a Hopi
on Traditional Knowledge
importance of maintaining traditional knowledge has not changed
Activities from a Native American Perspectives
generations together to strengthen and support cultural learning
lessons about the Oka showdown between Native people, Quebec police and
eventually the Canadian Army
AND THE NATIVE PEOPLES OF TENNESSEE
A Smithsonian TV: curator's
talk with Paul Chaat Smith
** Our Universe:
Traditional Knowledge Shapes our World
A Smithsonian TV: discussion with an NMAI curator, Emil
Her Many Horses, about this exhibit .
Maudie Shaw, Paiute, discusses how changes in her people's
way of life have whittled away what can be passed on to the next generation.
** Bridging World History
Includes civilizations of the Americas -- Mississippian,
Anasazi, Mayan, Incan
** Historical Change
New Mexico students whose first language is Keres are
offered history through books, language, and a timeline
de los Muertos
This Day of the Dead information on the popular Mexican
holiday celebrated on November 2.
**The Jay I. Kislak
Collection at the Library of Congress
Focuses on the early Americas through
the period of European contact, exploration, and
An extraordinary interactive website exploring the ancient
Klallam village of Tse-whit-zen.
Indians at the Centennial
Passamaquoddy Indians on public display during Maine's
*Traditions of the Sun:
Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Interactive areas, timelines, video clips, and more
Browse by state to find places where you can see life as
*THE TIME BEFORE THE
PEOPLE...or so many would have us believe
to 12,001 B.C.
*Traditions of the Sun
An videos, interactive views, and more from of all areas
of Chaco Canyon
Stone Age Explorers
Unearthing sites that potential double the time frame
people have been in the Western Hemisphere.
In this interactive map, investigate 28 possible
pre-Clovis sites found throughout North America
of the Maya
The early history of of Copán, a Classic Maya
site in northern Honduras.
Geographic histories of tribes east of the Mississippi
*A Trail of
"Chief Little John and the "Trail of
Civil Rights -
The world's largest archive of firsthand accounts and
personal memories of the civil rights movement in America.
Central America: Legacies
Audio and links to related material
about Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution, El Salvador, Honduras, and Costa Rica
* Travels in
253 narratives describing travels in the colonies
and the U.S
The Order of the Indian
An organization dedicated to protecting the sites of
historical Indian wars.
States and Brazil: Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures
Explores the history of Brazil, interactions between
Brazil and the United States from the 18th century to the present
*The First Official
In 1868, Commander in Chief John A. Logan designated May
30 as a memorial day.
North Dakota State
Archives and Historical Research Library
Information major historic sites in and a history and
chronology of the state
*"How my tribe’s
history guides my life."
Read the high school student essays in this contest.
ln the Light
A film about three Native American communities and their
struggles to protect their sacred sit
A film about a Chippewa prophecy which speaks of seven
fires representing seven periods of time.
The Day of the Dead
Secwepemc Pre-Contact Life, Tsimshian, Metis, and
Fisheries in Canada
[Click "Kids" button]
Aborignial Innovations in Arts, Science, and Technology
[Click "Kids" button]
Lost City Museum
Built by the national Park Service to exhibit artifacts
that were being excavated from the Pueblo Grande de Nevada.
Pueblok Koshares are black-and-white striped characters
who portray unacceptable behavior and provide entertainment while reinforcing community values.
the Sky: Lakota Star Knowledge and Beliefs
the strong celestial connections Lakota people have
maintained over many generations.
The Sacred Run was a living tradition among Native
A Little Bit of Blood (Un
tantito de sangre nada mas)
Zapotec women from Oaxaca discuss the cultural emphasis on
virginity, a Tehuantepec prenuptial tradition.
Ndee: The Children of
A virtual e xhibit from Harvard Created by Ernestine Cody
A puritan and his Indian
A 1916 journal report about relationships between the
Puritans and the Indians
Secrets of a Lost World
The excavation of over 2,000 mummies at the pre-Hispanic
site known as Puruchuco-Huaquerones, located in Peru.
Indian Affairs: Laws and
U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from
1778-1883 and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970.
History of a Buffalo
Describes an 1877 horseback excursion that continued “until
they had killed enough buffaloes to fill fifty carts with the meat.”
Interview about Oklahoma
Audio description of violence between whites and Native
Americans in the years before stateho0d.
People of the West
Men and women whose have shaped the west, including Black
Kettle, Sacagawea, and Popé, and many other great native leaders.
A global educational geocaching adventure
Dunlap Clarke: Bozeman Trail Diarist
Brief diary entries from U.S. Army paymaster at Forts Phil
Kearny, Fetterman, Reno and C. F. Smith
Traders: Voices from the
Interviews with and slide shows of traders and trading
posts from 1860-1999. Also interviews about livestock, weaving, jewelry, pinon nuts, medicine men, and more.
Legend and overview of the hunting practice that sent
hundreds of buffalo jumping to their death.
Indian Map of Ohio River
Drawn by "Chegeree (the Indian), this 1755 shows
Indian settlements in the area from Lake Erie to the mouth of the Ohio river in the middle of the eighteenth
To the West
An exhibit from the American Treasures of the Library of
Battle of Little Big Horn
A letter and map from Lieutenant Robert Patterson Hughes
to his wife about the Battle of Little Big Horn.
Fort Ancient features 18,000 feet of earthen walls
built 2,000 years ago.
A directory of links on the "19th Century America west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
Comparative Costs: 19th
Century & Today
Calculate the today's value of money during treaty offers.
Gold of El Dorado
Before European Invasion, Columbia used gold for many
things, and even traded it for salt!
In the Sierra Madres, mysterious underground tombs tell of
ancient civilizations shrouded in secrecy.
Clark Web Site
From the Montana Historical Society
New Worlds: Exploration of Space and Hawaiian Voyaging
Compare ancient Polynesian voyagers with today's modern
astronauts in this interactive journey.
Communications network for the archeological and historic
The history of humankind has been marked by patterns of
growth and decline.
At Home on the French
Native Americans in Illinois...1700-1800
Click on a tribe name for some general information.
Documents for the Study of American History
A directory of primary documents from 1492-today available
on the Web. Includes documents from Columbus, the Iroquois Constitution, the Greenville Treaty, Chief Seattle's speech,
The Lost Gold of Devil's
Fact or Fiction? Legend tells of a cavern filled with
Timucuan Ecological and
Ecologically-valuable salt marshes and
historically-significant cultural artifacts are on display at Florida's Timucuan Preserve. Video format :-)
The Hopi Elders tell us that "Hopi believe all life
on our earth lives and goes by life cycles;
Map of Turtle Island About
Native North Americans and where they lived.
How did Westward expansion play out in what is now the
Canadian provinces. and how did it impact the future of the land and the peoples living there?
Heritage Preservation, Inc. in partnership with the
Institute of Museum and Library Services and with major funding from the Getty Grant Program will assess the condition
of collections in the nation's museums, libraries, archives, and historical societies every four years.
The Fall of Society
When the explorer Hernando de Soto traveled through the
Alabama area, the Moundville Indians were gone, the reason is still uncertain. Video format :-)
in Nova Scotia
Archaeology sites beginning with precontact 11000B.C.
Rivers - The Salmon
The Salmon River is steeped in human history, from Native
Americans to Lewis and Clark to early settlers. Video format :-)
On This Date
in North American Indian
One of the most popular American Indian sites on the web
To the Gwich’in people of Alaska and Canada, life is
impossible to imagine life without caribou
When complete these Histories will encompass approximately
240 tribal histories (contact to 1900).
Inuit families sometimes built stone piles, often in the shape of humans with
the Plains Indians and their Buffalo Culture
This video covers three hundred years of Plains Indians
history from the pre-horse period through the tragedy at Wounded Knee in 1890. It features Ben Black Elk, son of the
revered Holy Man of Black Elk Speaks.
The Trial of
In the saga of
our struggle for
basic Native American rights, this decision still holds significance
A simple and unbiased database representing great
prayers of all cultures
A virtual tour of selected objects from the vast collections of the
National Museum of American History
The Days of the Dead
In Mexico, the
first days of November are the time when the souls of the dead come to visit the
Métis, led by Riel, clashed with the North West Mounted Police, touchinging off the Northwest Rebellion.
Features Gordon Tootoosis online.
American Heritage Initiative
Working to address civil rights and heritage issues
related to the indigenous peoples of the North America.
Learn about the People who
Overview Paper on Taino Arawaks
Mummies...preserved for over 7.000 years
Lonely Planet - Mexican pre-colonial history
Ancient Mexican civilization was nearly 3,000 years old when Europeans invaded.
An interactive lesson on
Native mathematics and culture