Native Americans In The Census: A First People's Almanac
November is American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month. The U.S. Census Bureau Shares the following facts from its surveys on the American Indian and Alaska Native population. Most figures come from the April 2000 census.
tribes and nations
4,100,000 said they are American Indian or Alaska Native alone or in combination with one or more races.
1.5% of the total U.S. population composed this ethnic group.
3,100,000 said they belonged to a specific tribe.
American Indian tribes with 50,000 or more individuals were Cherokee, Navajo, Choctaw, Blackfeet, Chippewa, Muskogee, Apache and Lumbee.
Tlingit is the most populous Alaska Native tribe. 17,200 claim to be Tlingit alone or in combination with one or more other races or American Indian or Alaska Native tribes.
Alaska Native tribes with
5,000 or more responses are Tlingit, Alaska Athabaskan, Eskimo and Yup'ik.
936,000: Number of American Indian and Alaska Native families at the time of the 2000 census. Of them:
63% consisted of married couples.
33% were married couples with children under 18.
The 2000 census was the first in which respondents could specify more than one race. People who chose American Indian and Alaska Native alone
increased 26% Since 1990. Those who chose American Indian and at least one other race
By comparison, the total U.S. population grew by 13%
43% of American Indians and Alaska Natives live in the West.
31% live in the South.
17% live in the Midwest.
9% live in the Northeast.
538,300 live on reservations or other trust lands.
175,200 people residing on the Navajo Nation reservation, by far the most populous reservation.
11 states had more than 100,000 American Indian and Alaska Native residents.
States with highest number of AI and AN residents are California (628,000), Oklahoma (392,000), Arizona, Texas, New Mexico, New York, Washington, North Carolina, Michigan, Alaska and Florida.
19 states had an American Indian and Alaska Native population that exceeded the national average of 1.5%.
Alaska (19%), Oklahoma (11%) and New Mexico (10%) had the highest rates.
87,200 people in New York City reported themselves to be American Indian and Alaska Native. New York City has the largest population of American Indians and Alaska natives followed by Los Angeles, Phoenix, AZ, Tulsa, Okla, and Oklahoma City, Okla.
10% of Anchorage Alaska residents are American Indian and Alaska Native, the highest of large cities.
197,300: Number of American Indian and Alaska Native-owned businesses in the United States in
298,700: Number of people employed by those businesses.
$34.3 billion: Revenues generated by these businesses.
0.9% of the nation's 20.8 million nonfarm businesses represented by these businesses.
6.5% of the nation's 3.0 million minority-owned firms represented by these businesses.
$174,100 Average receipts of an American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firm.
2% of all American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms with annual sales of $1 million or more.
11% of American Indian and Alaska Natives over 25 have bachelor's degree.
71% have at least a high school diploma in the same group.
Income and Poverty
$32,116 Median household income for American Indians and Alaska
24.5% Poverty rate for American Indians and Alaska Natives
800,000 Number of American Indians and Alaska Natives below the poverty line
Census Bureau update provides look at Indian Country
The U.S. Census Bureau has published findings about Native populations:
2,400,000 American Indians and Alaska Natives live in the United States.
Native Americans are only about 0.8% of the total population, but their ranks grew by nearly 10% in just one year.
Counting mixed-raced Native Americans, the number jumps to 4,200,000 million, a nearly 4% increase from 2004.
Cherokee, (310,000), Navajo (294,000), Sioux (120,000) and Ojibwe (115,000) have the most prominent tribal affiliations, making up nearly 43% of overall American Indian population.
Choctaws have population of 88,00 members.
Pueblo population is 75,000.
Among Alaska Natives, Eskimo is the largest group at 52,000. Athabascan and Tlingit-Haida have about 16,000 each.
Alaska has the largest Native population (14.8%); New Mexico (9.6%); South Dakota (8.4%); Oklahoma (7.4%); Montana (6.0%); North Carolina (1.3%); Oregon (1.3%); Nevada, (1.2%).
Arizona has more Native Americans than any other state. Oklahoma is second. California is third.
Native women make up 51% of the Native population.
An equal number of Native men and women over age of 25 completed high school.
More Native women obtained a bachelor's degree than men.
More Native men went onto graduate school than Native women.
About 19% of all Native males have served in the military.
SOURCES -- 2000 census, Current Population Survey, demographic supplements to the Population Survey, and the Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises. The data are subject to sampling variability and other sources of error.
The Anchorage Daily News: http://www.adn.com/alaska/story/2059310p-2157469c.html
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