February 1, 1917: By Executive Order, today, the Papago
Indian Reservation in established in Arizona.
February 2, 1887: A
law is passed which will prohibit the use of Indian languages in
February 3, 1847:
General Sterling Price reaches the fortified Taos Pueblo. Cannonade
proves unfruitful, so Price retreats to the city of Taos.
February 4, 1861:
John Ward's step-son Feliz Tellez is kidnapped by Indians from
Sonoita Creek ranch in Arizona. The U.S. Army sends George Bascom
and 54 soldiers to find him. Today, Chiricahua Apache Chief Cochise
is invited to talk with Bascom and is shocked when Bascom accuses
him of kidnapping the boy. Cochise denies his involvement, but
Bascom puts Cochise under arrest. Cochise cuts a hole in the tent
and escapes, so Bascom holds Cochise's relatives as hostages.
Cochise quickly seizes several whites has hostages, as well.
February 5, 1692:
Canadians and Indians attack the southern Maine town of York.
Almost 50 settlers are killed, and at least 70 are captured.
February 6, 1854:
Texas passes a law allowing the United States to pick sites for 2
Indian reservations in Texas. One will be on the main fork of the
Brazos River. The other is on the Clear Fork of the Brazos River.
The Inuit Circumpolar Conference is held at the United Nations.
During the 2nd Seminole War, a battle takes place between Seminole
and American forces on Lake Monroe near today's Sanford, Florida.
Colonel Alexander Fanning leads American forces against more than 600
Seminoles led by Chiefs Philip and Wildcat. Both sides lose a large
number of men. The arrival of a steamship with cannon ends
Spaniards are living in the Cakchiquel Maya town of Iximche’in
modern Guatemala. A few decide to desert and set a large fire as a
The South Dakota "land grab" takes place. Parts of the Great Sioux
Reservation are opened to settlers.
The "Longest Walk" takes place to protest Indian treatment.
Seventy Acomas have been found guilty for battling Spaniards in a
1598 incident. Today, Juan de Oñate orders their punishment.
Those who are 12-25 years-old will have a foot cut off. All
men older than 25 will have a foot cut off and spend 20 years as
Schaghticook sachem Mahwee is baptized in New York. He will be the
first of his tribe to do so.
The first Spanish arrive at todays' Needles, CA area.
The second intercontinental railroad begins. It also goes through
An Act (12 stat.l.652) states that all treaties between the U.S. and
the "Sisseton, Wahpaton, Medawakanton, and Wahpakoota Bands of Sioux
of Dakota are aborgated and annulled" in the state of Minnesota.
This act took away their lands because of the "Santee Sioux
While traveling through the area, French explorer Henri de Tonti
visits the Natchitoches Confederation near today's Natchitoches,
The Ottawa sign a treaty (7 stat. 420) beside the Maumee River near
today's Toledo, OH.
Documents regarding the Delaware "Walking Purchase" treaty are
Kagohami talks of a 120-year-old man to Lewis and Clark.
Comanche Chief Quanah Parker dies. His headstone (Ft. Sill, OK)
reads, "resting here until day breaks and darkness disappears is
Quanah Parker, the last Chief of the Comanches. Died Feb. 21, 1911,
age sixty-four years."
Jack C. Montgomery, a Cherokee, is a First Lieutenant with the 45th
Infantry in Italy. For his solo actions against three different
enemy positions, he is awarded the Medal of Honor.
February 23, 1540:
According to some sources, Coronado's expedition begins preparations
to get underway.
February 24, 1848:
After the Cayuse attacked the Whitman Mission in Oregon, a war has
been declared. Today, a fight takes place. The Cayuse lose 8 men,
including Chief Eagle. Five warriors and 5 Americans are also
February 25, 529:
Palenque Maya Lord Kan - Xul I ascends the throne.
The Wiyots are holding their annual ceremonies in the village of
Tutulwat on a river island near today's Eureka, CA. They Wiyot
welcome everyone to the ceremony, including whites. Tonight, after
the ceremonies are complete, a group of men from Eureka attack the
participants and several nearby villages. 80-100 Indians are killed
in the sneak attack. An annual vigil is now held on a nearby island
to commemorate the event.
February 27, 1973:
The siege of Wounded Knee begins. It lasts until May 8, 1973.
February 28, 1835
General Edmund Gaines and 1,100 soldiers have been battling 1,200
Seminoles, under Chief Osceola, for two days. The fighting continues
until March 6.
February 29, 1704:
A battle that started yesterday at Deerfield, Massachusetts,