this month in Native American History
by Phil Konstantin


Nana Butituikatu Mua Tahpooku Mua
Hot & Cold Moon Cottonball Moon

March 1st,1851:  Governor McDougal of California writes the President. He states there are  over 100,000 hostile Indians in California and that an uprising is going on. This information is false., but McDougal still requests permission to call out the militia.

March 2, 1876:  The Secretary of War is impeached for taking  bribes to make political appointments

March 3, 1819: The United States starts it Indian "civilization: program.

March 4, 1643: Today, the Canarsee Indians will negotiate a  peace with the Dutch in Fort Amsterdam.  The Canarsee are the Indians who sold Manhattan to Peter Minuit for $24.00 in trinkets, even thought they did not own it.

March 5, 1831: Today the Supreme Court decided in the case of the Cherokee Nation v. Georgia. The court decided that the Cherokees are not a "foreign state,: and therefore the court has no jurisdiction in the dispute. However, the court does decide that the Cherokees are a distinct political society capable of governing itself and managing its own affairs.

March 6, 1777:  70 Shawnee warriors led by Chief Blackfish will attack settlers near Harrodsburg, Kentucky. One white man managed to escape capture and warn the settlement.

March 7, 1783: Col. David Williamson and Pennsylvania soldiers surround the peaceful Moravian Indian village in Gnadenhutten, (today's Ohio)  The Indians are herded into two houses, and the majority of the soldiers attack the Indians. Several soldiers killed 96 Indian men, women, and children in cold blood.

March 8. 1965: The Winnebago sign a treaty regarding the Omaha reservation.

March 9, 1768:   It's believed that Tecumseh, the Great Shawnee leader, is born near the Shawnee capital of Chalagatha  in today's Ohio. [added by Native Village]

March 10, 1930:  An executive order is issued which extends the trust period on land allotments made to members of the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Indians in Kansas.

March 11, 1824: John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs within the War Department. Thomas McKenney is appointed its first head.

March 12, 1858. After giving up some of their ancestral lands, the Poncas sign a treaty granting them a permanent home on the Niobrara River and protection from their enemies, both white and Indian.  Several years later, the government forces them to share land with the Sioux. The Poncas will live in constant fear of attack.

March 13, 1864,
The first group of Navajo finish the "Long Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, NM.  During their march, 13 of the 1,430 Indians will either die or are kidnapped by Mexicans.

March 14, 1493: Columbus writes a letter describing the generous nature of Indians and mentions they are "men of great deference and kindness."

March 15,1858:  After fighting the Americans for almost 25 years, the great Seminole leader, Billy Bowlegs, will surrender with 163 of his followers. They are shipped west.

March 16, 1621:  Samoset meets the Pilgrims.

March 17, 177
5:  The Transylvania Company purchases a huge track of Kentucky and Tennessee lands from the Cherokee. The treaty is revoked by Virginia and North Carolina which won't permit a private company to own the land.   However, the U.S. will use the treaty as a claim on Cherokee lands.

March 18, 1871:  Indians make several sorties on a government wagon trail near Fort Dodge, in SW Kansas. Three citizens are killed; 5 Indians are wounded in the fighting.

March 19, 1851:
A treaty is signed with California Indians at Camp Fremont. The treaties set aside lands for the Indians and protect them form angry whites.

March 20, 1699:
While exploring the Mississippi River, French explorer Lemoyne d'Iberville visits a Houma Indian village.

March 21, 1883:
Chiricahua Apaches raid a mining town near Tombstone, AZ. This is the pretext General George Crook needs to mount a raid into Mexico to find the Apaches.

March 22,1764,
The English mount an expedition to retrieve a slave who's taken  refuge with the Tunica Indians. The Tunica, Ofo, Avoyel, and Choctaw Indians attack the small boats carrying the English. Six English are killed before the whites abandon their mission.

March 23,1889,
President Harrison says part of Oklahoma will be opened to the public.

March 24,1617.
King James I decides Virginia Indians must be educated. Today he directs the Anglican church to collect funds to build churches and schools.

March 25,1916,
Ishi, ("the last of his tribe") dies.

March 26, 1973:
A Native American mass is held in New York City at Saint John the Divine Cathedral. Almost 4,000 people will attend.

March 2
7,1973: Sacheen Littlefeather refuses Marlon Brando's Oscar as a protest against media and governmental mistreatment of American Indians.  ( Marlon Brando's Unfinished Oscar Speech)

March 28,1953:
Jim Thorpe dies.

March 29, 1797:
A Mohawk treaty is signed in Albany by 5 Indians, including Joseph Brandt,  All of their lands are ceded for $1,000.

March 30,1854:
Indians successfully attack and defeat a company of dragoons at Cieneguilla, NM.

March 31,1877:
Part of the White Mountain/San Carlos Reservation in Arizona is restored to public domain.


Dates reprinted with permission by Phil Konstantin:

hot cold moon photo:

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